Failing to Prepare is Preparing to fail

"Surviving to Fight means Fighting to Survive"

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Sunday, 26 October 2014

Show Contents 26th October 2014

Show Notes
This week I start the show with the Pandemic Quick Kits review, then Blizzard Survival 20% Discount Offer, Survival Weapons, The Ribzwear 30% Discount Offer, Emergency Essentials, The Wilderness121 10% Discount Offer, Quick Fried Camp Squirrel, The Field Leisure 10% Discount Offer, Being Prepared, The Buggrub 10% Discount Offer, Survival Kit Preparation, The Hunters Knives 10% Discount Offer, Boiled British Freshwater Fish Recipes, Catapult Hunting and UK Law, Eating Crows and Some Recipes, Bug-Out Checklist, DIY Survival Candles, The Best Meal of the Day, Common Prepping Mistakes, Surviving in the Woods, The Bug out Week end is coming.

I have a request from Chris T. on Twitter to promote a petition to demand the release of Marine A. I have placed a link to the petition at the top of my blog please take the time to sign it.
Pandemic Quick Kits Review
These handy Pandemic Quick Kits are designed for fast and inexpensive protection from Contagions when you or your family members have to leave your safe zone.
Simply discard the entire suit when you return to insure that no contaminants enter your home. Not meant for close continuous patient contact.
Coveralls w/Zipper
Adhesive tape to seal ankles/wrists
Shoe Covers
Hair Net
Goggles - splash-proof and anti-fogging
N95 Medical Respirator
Latex Gloves 2-pair
Bio-Hazard Disposal Bag
PAWS Antimicrobial Hand wipes - 4
Buy our inexpensive Pandemic Quick-Kits by the bulk and supply your family or even your entire neighbourhood.
Doctors, Dentists and Medical Technicians wear these disposable Coveralls to protect their clothing from splash and bacteria.
We still recommend a complete Contagion Kit, but for fast, everyday use, these packs are inexpensive to store and convenient to use and discard.
As this life saving kit only arrived this Thursday I have not had too much time to play with it, but I felt it was important enough to open the pack and try on the contents.
Firstly it is obvious that whoever designed this kit knew what they were doing as they have thought of everything in fact this is a complete pandemic kit and you should all have one for each member of your family or group as an aid to bugging out or to be worn if and when you have to travel through an Ebola hotspot.
The one piece suit is a one size fits all and is very easy indeed to put on, and with the shoe covers on and my ankles and wrists taped I did feel protected and I have to say it was very comfortable to wear.
Now combine that with the goggles which are splash-proof and anti-fogging the N95 Medical quality Respirator and the Latex Gloves of which there are 2 pairs and I really did feel safe and confident that if I had to enter an area where people had contracted Ebola or any other contagious disease pre-or post SHTF that it would provide me with the protection I would need.
The kit also comes with a hair net to tuck away long hair for example PAWS Antimicrobial hand wipes which kill 99% of germs on the skin while removing dirt and debris.
I have no idea how they can produce such important and necessary kit for such a low price and then offer discount for bulk orders.
This is just what we in the prepper and survivalist community have been looking for, something that really works at an affordable price.
At Just $11.95 each which at today’s rate is £7.47 they are amazing value and top quality
I cannot recommend this kit highly enough and I must really thank Todd West, GM
Of First Aid Global, LLC who pulled out all the stops to get a Pandemic Quick Kit to me.
You can order yours directly from the company
Blizzard Survival 20% Discount Offer
Blizzard Survival .com have a fantastic offer for you the listener they are offering  a 20% discount on all goods bought from them at
The Ultimate in Lightweight Thermal Protection.
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Reflexcell™ products are totally unique: weight-for-weight far warmer than goose down, yet 100% weatherproof, tough, ultra-portable and re-usable.
Life-saving technology has never been so affordable.
All you have to do to get a 20% discount is enter the code “PREPPER” at the checkout, it is that simple. Thank you Blizzard
Survival Weapons
For some people, the idea of being in the wilderness without a weapon is very scary. In fact, I am often asked, "How do you defend yourself?" I find this question quite amusing because I am to "defend myself against what?
Wild attacking rabbits, squirrels, or ducks?" Unless a person is attempting to survive in a combat area, the actual need for a weapon for personal protection varies. In most cases no weapon is needed at all, unless it is being used to assist the survivor in getting something to eat or in jobs around camp. I would say that in the UK the need to have a weapon for protection against wild animals is not very great.
 Most wild animals know man, and usually try to avoid us. Now, if an animal is rabid though, anything is possible.
So, you feel the need for a weapon? I agree it is a good idea to have one, but mainly to kill game caught in snares, traps, or cornered. If you feel the need for safety and security and desire to have a large weapon, you can make those as well.
A lot of the weapons you make will depend on how and where you ended up in a survival situation. If you are a hunter and become lost, or in some manner are faced with survival, you may have weapons with you. Or, you may not. A lot of different situations can occur in the wilderness. Weapons can be lost or broken.
If you are the survivor of a plane crash, a sinking or overturned boat, (and the boat you were on washed up on shore, you will be in luck.) or a stranded vehicle, you may have more materials to work with.
The wings of an aircraft will provide you with shade and protection from the sun. But, vehicles can provide you with many items to make tools, weapons, and other needed items. The weapons you can make from wreckage or a stranded vehicle will be limited only by your imagination. Without any wreckage the task of making weapons is harder, but not all that difficult.
Almost anything around you can become a weapon. Those of you who have attended self-defence classes know that a pencil, car key, bottle, book, comb, or even a thumb can become effective weapons.
Regardless of the type of weapon you may want, you will be limited by the sources around you. In some areas you may not have many stones, rocks, or even wood.
In other survival situations you may not even be on land, you may be at sea. In all cases, look around and take inventory of all of your equipment. Survivors have used the sharp edges from a ration can to make a crude knife to gut fish with.
Others who used a sharpened belt buckle to cut with, and still others who field dressed small game with their teeth. You have weapons all around you, so look for them. Keep your imagination active at all times.
One of the most handy survival weapons is a simple club. It is very useful in killing small game and for general camp use. It is simple to make and can be constructed of many different materials. Using a forked piece of green limb (hard wood works the best), a large rock or piece of bone, and some vine, wire, or rope, you can make a club in next to no time. 
Make sure the limb has a Y section on it and fit the rock into this section, then secure the stone or bone in place using wire, rope, cord, vine, or wet rawhide. Wet rawhide is the best because it will shrink as it dries and holds the stone securely in place
A simple knife for stabbing with can be made from pieces of bone or from an antler. Just break off or locate a piece that is large enough to hold securely and has a sharp point. While you will not be able to cut with it, it can be used to stab with. Or, you can use a sharp tipped piece of wood. 
If you need a knife to cut with, consider using sharp edged bones, hard stone, metal from a wreckage, wood, or even glass for the blade. In a survival situation you may have to use what you can find to make tools and weapons with.
Almost any sharp edge from any hard material can be used. If you want to take the time to make an affective knife. Find a piece of green hard wood, split it slightly, insert your blade, and then wrap the handle tightly. Once again, wet rawhide makes the best wrap because it shrinks when it dries and will hold the blade firmly in place.
Another weapon that is easy to make is a spear. It is very useful in killing any game you don't want to touch or get too close to.
It could be what I call an injury causing animal. With injury causing animals remember horns, antlers, teeth, fangs, and hooves can all cause injuries.
A spear can be made as simply as sharpening the end of long green piece of wood and hardening it in a fire. Or, you can attach a blade point using the same types of materials you used for your knife blade.
And, the spear point can be attached exactly like your knife blade was, using wire, vine, string, cord, or wet rawhide. An easier way to attach a point to a spear shaft is to simply tie it one. Place a knife parallel to and tightly up against the shaft of the spear. Then lash it on securely.
Two more weapons that you can make, and use mainly against small game, are the catapult and bola.
For the catapult you start by cutting a Y shaped piece of green wood, cutting two strips of rubber (from a tire or rubber tubing) about eight inches long, and a pouch that can be made from cloth or leather.
Secure the two strips of rubber on both sides of the Y on the wood near the top, tie the pouch to the open ends of the rubber strips, and you now have a weapon. You can use small pebbles as ammo. And with practice you can procure a bird or rabbit for dinner. A hint here, use two or three small pebbles when you shoot (makes it more likely to hit the target).
The bola is much more difficult to use but is simple to make. Tie all three ends of the pieces of string or cord parachute 550 cord is best together at one end. At the other ends, tie a stone on each piece of line.
You now have three cords with a stone on each end that meets and is secured at the other end. To use the bola, grasp the tied end, twirl it over your head, release it toward your target. Once you release the bola, it opens up and covers a very wide path.
While it is very effective against birds, it can also wrap around the legs of larger game and trip it. Then, using your newly made spear and knife, you can kill it and process the meat.
While the making and using of primitive weapons takes some time, it can be done. I suggest using your spear to stab with, not throwing. If you only have one spear and your throw it, what do you do if the animal turns on you? Do not throw the only weapon you have available, keep it in your hands.
Plus, depending on the type of blade your spear has, you may break it. These same weapons were used by early man many years ago and they were deadly in the hands of a person who knew how to use them. The Native North Americans kept their families alive with such weapons by providing both food and protection. If others can do it, so can you.
There are unlimited sources around most survivors to use as weapons. Keep in mind that some of these sources may not be recognized as such by most survivors. Bone, glass, and rough metals, stones, antlers, horns, and other materials can be modified for use as weapons. Keep your survival mind active and evaluating all material at hand.
I realize there may be many more different types of weapons made from natural materials, but as usual, my purpose is to get you thinking.
I want you to think about making weapons from materials you have on hand. Some of the weapons I have explained can of course be made in many different, and perhaps better ways. 
A front pack is a pack or bag that allows for access of equipment from the persons chest. Front packs first and foremost allow for easy access of gear without the removal of any equipment.
In many adventure outdoor activities it can be critical to the sport to have the ability to reach essential gear fast without the removal of a backpack. Simplicity is the foremost purpose of the front pack but there are many additional benefits as well.
In all there are unlimited uses for the front pack. Front packs are the best compliment to any outdoorsman’s gear when accessibility, functionality, mobility and simplicity are required. From horseback riding, long distance biking, motorcycling and kayaking.
All sports where fast and easy access of gear is essential, a front pack is your best solution and as you can imagine it is going down a storm within the prepping and survivalist community.
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Emergency Essentials
Even though emergency situations don't happen very often, when they do, they impact our lives to a great extent. To minimize or eliminate the negative effects of a certain emergency, you need to be prepared and have the emergency essentials, in terms of knowledge, food, water, shelter, and an escape plan.
When disaster strikes, we are caught by surprise and usually unprepared. But emergencies sometimes have a similar pattern and cause the same problem even if they're different in nature, therefore the steps to prepare for them is the same, for example stocking food and water are steps that can help you in most national emergencies, and that's what we will discuss now.
Imagine there is an emergency in your city, or country, people will scramble to the shops, there will be a panic, looting, and so on will result, if you still decide to go to the store, you will find empty shelves or even closed shops. Wouldn't it be better if when there is such an emergency, you sit with your family, and use the food and water you have stored? You bet it would be.
As you stock food, take into account your family’s unique needs. Try to include foods that they will enjoy and that are also high in calories and nutrition. Foods that require no refrigeration, water, special preparation, or cooking are best. Take into consideration individuals with special diets and allergies such as babies and the ill. Make sure you have a manual can opener and disposable utensils. Don’t forget non-perishable foods for your pets.
Keep food in a dry, cool dark area if possible.
Open food boxes and other re-sealable containers carefully so that you can close them tightly after each use.
Wrap perishable foods, such as cookies and crackers, in plastic bags and keep them in sealed containers.
Empty open packages of sugar, dried fruits, and nuts into screw-top jars or air-tight canisters for protection from pests.
Inspect all food for signs of spoilage before use.
Throw out canned goods that become swollen, dented, expired, or corroded.
Use foods before they go bad, and replace them with fresh supplies, dated with ink or marker. Place new items at the back of the storage area and older ones in front.
The following list shows the rough expiration dates of many types of food. So make sure to replace the easily perishable food more often.
You should use the following within six months:
Powdered milk - boxed
Dry, crisp crackers
These foods should be used within one year, or before the date indicated on the label:
Canned condensed meat and vegetable soups
Canned fruits, fruit juices, and vegetables
Ready-to-eat cereals and uncooked instant cereals
Peanut butter
Hard candy and canned nuts
These foods however may be stored indefinitely (in proper containers and conditions):
Vegetable oils
Dried corn
Baking powder
Instant coffee, tea, and cocoa
Noncarbonated soft drinks
White rice
Bouillon products
Dry pasta
Powdered milk – in nitrogen-packed cans
Having an ample supply of clean water is a top priority in an emergency. A normally active person needs to drink at least two quarts (half gallon) of water each day. People in hot environments, children, nursing mothers, and ill people will require even more. You will also need water for food preparation and hygiene.
Store at least one gallon per person, per day. Consider storing at least a two-week supply of water for each member of your family. If you are unable to store this quantity, store as much as you can. If supplies run low, never ration water. Drink the amount you need today, and try to find more for tomorrow. You can minimize the amount of water your body needs by reducing activity and staying cool.
If there is an emergency, and you used up all the water you stocked in your home, try the following. Safe water sources in your home include the water in your hot- water tank, pipes, and ice cubes. You should not use water from toilet flush tanks or bowls, radiators, waterbeds, or swimming pools/spas.
You will need to protect the water sources already in your home from contamination if you hear reports of broken water or sewage pipes, or if local officials advise you of a problem. To shut off incoming water, locate the main valve and turn it to the closed position. Be sure you and other family members know beforehand how to perform this important procedure.
To use the water in your pipes, let air into the plumbing by turning on the tap in your home at the highest level. A small amount of water will trickle out. Then obtain water from the lowest tap in the home.
To use the water in your hot-water tank, be sure the electricity or gas is off, and open the drain at the bottom of the tank. Start the water flowing by turning off the water intake valve at the tank and turning on a hot-water tap. Refill the tank before turning the gas or electricity back on. If the gas is turned off, a professional will be needed to turn it back on.
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Quick Fried Camp Squirrel
One to two squirrels
2 to 3 cups flour (bread crumbs)
3 to 4 whole eggs
Some seasoning if you wanted to spice it up.
A tablespoon or two of white wine.
Place pan on High.
Add spices to the eggs.
Dip squirrel into the eggs until fully covered.
Next place into the four or bread crumbs.
Place into the pan turn the heat down to medium high.
Add white wine just before adding the squirrel.
Cook the squirrel for roughly 3 to 5 minutes or until golden brown.
Then serve.
When preparing game birds, you can cook young birds by broiling, roasting, or in any of your other favourite recipes. But older birds should be stewed or braised to tenderize them. Or if you wish, you can try a commercial tenderizer.
 Just sprinkle the tenderizer in the body cavity of the bird and let the bird stand in the refrigerator. The amount of time the bird needs to remain in the refrigerator depends on the size of the bird. For example, a large bird such as a turkey will need 12 to 24 hours for the tenderizer to work.
If you're not sure how many servings you'll get from each bird this may help you:
1 serving = 2 quail
1-2 squab
2-3 doves
1 small duck.
You can figure on at least 2 servings from 1 pheasant or 1 large duck.
A 4-6 lb. goose should feed 4-6 people.
Rabbit Stew or Pheasant Stew
    1 or 2 rabbits or pheasants
    Salt, pepper and paprika to taste
    1 c. sour cream
    1 c. cream of mushroom soup
    1/4 tsp. Worcestershire sauce
    2 tbsp. chopped onions
Season cut up meat. Mix sour cream, soup and Worcestershire sauce. Add chopped onions. Cook in slow cooker on low for 8 hours. Or on the edge of a camp fire stirring regularly and moderating the heat.
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Being Prepared
A popular misconception about being prepared is that you are preparing for a total, catastrophic meltdown that throws us all back to the Stone Age.
One minute we're living, the next we're running around in chest rigs and getting into fire fights with those who would take what we have.
 SHTF event can be anything from an aggravating annoyance to what I have just described.
Anyway you can move, or leave, if it's a localized event so it's not SHTF
There are any number of scenarios where this simply isn't true.
Medical issues, family responsibilities, jobs, resources, quickness of weather events, etc can all conspire to prevent you from dashing off to safety.
And even if you could, I can't think of a worse case of the poop hitting the ventilation than having my home destroyed or a family member killed.
Minor things like flat tires are so easy to deal with that they aren't SHTF events
Really? Your car gets a flat in a coned off work area on the motorway, it's hanging out into a lane of traffic and the flat tire is on the traffic side.
As those cars whiz by your head please explain to the class how you aren't in a bad situation.
Take it a step further. Now it's your wife or daughter. When they call you on the phone in hysterics just tell them to suck it up and how "minor" the situation is.
Let me know how it turns out.
You break your leg. Not a SHTF event right? What if you just started a small cleaning business? You have three contracts at different apartment complexes and are a one-man operation.
Now you can't work, can't bill and can't make money. Oh yea, your apartments will likely replace you with someone else.
Call me crazy, but something like that seems pretty bad no?
Because a situation is minor for you doesn't mean it will be minor for all in your care.
Furthermore, any number of circumstances can ambush you to turn a minor event into a full blown catastrophe.
If there aren't zombies it's not SHTF
Are you 5 years old? Forget the zombies for a minute.
You go out to dinner with the family. You round the corner on the way home to find your house has burnt to the ground.
A chemical truck spills and releases toxic gas into the air. You have to leave and leave right now.
You have just enough time to grab your family but have to leave your dog standing on the front porch.
A major blizzard snows in your elderly father. His power goes out and he needs his insulin to survive.
There is no way for him to leave, and very little chance of someone getting to him.
You move into a dream home for which you have saved your entire life. Six months later an earthquake damages it beyond repair.
You then find out your cut-rate insurance doesn't cover the damages and you don't have the money to fix your house.
You are on the way to take your oldest son to college. As you pull out of the driveway the phone rings. It's your boss and you've just been fired.
Now sure, those are fabricated situations. But you can't deny that in each one of them some level of crap has solidly hit the fan.
If I prepare for Mad-Max I'm prepared for all of the smaller things that could happen
People who focus on Mad-Max also tend to focus a lot on MRE's and guns.
They also tend to overlook little things like tire repair kits, quality footware, cooking equipment, how they will take care of bodily waste, etc etc.
While you are planning for your trip to live in the woods, did you remember to buy rock salt so when your driveway is a sheet of ice you can get out?
You know what else they tend to overlook?
Training. Yes. Really important to know how to do stuff, not just have kickass Condor and Uncle Mikes gear.
It’s just too easy to get wrapped up in the fantasy land of becoming a wandering one-man army in your brand new Multicam kit and your 1000 yard rifle when all you think about is SHTF.
Trust me, it will cause you to overlook a simple preparation along the way.
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Survival Kit Preparation
The best way to survive a disaster or emergency situation is to be prepared for it. People have known this for years; it’s the reason our society has storm cellars and fire extinguishers.
Outdoor enthusiasts, however, face a more challenging obstacle when trying to prepare for an unfortunate camping, hiking, hunting, or fishing emergency.
Or preppers and survivalists training for a SHTF event out in the woods, or even Bugging Out for real.
The sheer number of different types of disasters that can happen to an even seasoned outdoor enthusiast makes it especially hard to prepare essential tools and supplies before leaving on an adventure.
You might think did I forget something? Do I have too much of one item? Not enough? Putting together a survival kit for you can be frustrating, time-consuming, and costly. Luckily, many outdoor supply companies carry pre-assembled survival kits, or can at least help you put yours together.
But first, you’ll want to understand the specific types of dangers your outdoor activity presents and the best ways to protect yourself against them.
Different outdoor activities present different physical challenges to enthusiasts. These different challenges require different types of survival kits.
The camping or hiking enthusiast will most likely be more concerned with reliable navigation tools, such as maps and compasses, and making sure he or she has plenty of provisions.
The hunter, however, might be more concerned with his or her protection against potentially dangerous animals, while those who fish will obviously want to bring plenty of dry clothes.
It’s important not to get too caught up in the niche of your specific outdoor activity, however. Just because the main point of your trip may be camping doesn’t mean you shouldn’t bring along a hunting knife or fishhooks.
The prepper and survivalist must plan for all these eventualities while either training or seeking a covert life style.
Another important aspect of your adventure to consider when deciding on a survival kit is the climate and terrain of where your outdoor activity is taking place. Different weather extremes can cause problems for outdoor enthusiasts, even on a single trip.
Hikers traveling through the cool lowland lakes area can still experience heat exhaustion, especially in the summer, just as desert campers can easily freeze at night despite the daytime heat.
Get a professional opinion of what you should include in your survival kit if you are unfamiliar with the climate and weather patterns of the area you’re exploring.
Of course, there are basic items that are essential to any survival kit, no matter what your outdoor activity of choice. The most important components of a survival kit are ones that satisfy the following needs: protection against the elements, or, shelter; first aid or medical supplies; food, water, or the tools needed to procure them; ways to signal rescuers; and finally, tools to help guide outdoor enthusiasts back to familiar territory.
The duration of your outdoor adventure will determine how thoroughly you should pack your survival kit, but here are a few essentials.
The best way to keep warm and protect your from the elements is by packing lightweight, water-resistant clothing and blankets. Reflective aluminium blankets help retain body heat and act as signals to rescuers.
Waterproof ponchos are an effective way to stay dry in wet climates, as well as being lightweight and easy to pack.
Mosquito nets are another easy-to-pack, effective protection method against nasty elements.
You will probably want to start a fire, so include in your survival kit tools that will help you do so. Waterproof matches and lighters are easy and convenient, but if you happen to be in an outdoor setting for long you run the risk of running out of matches or fuel for your lighter.
Do-it-yourself tools, such as fire steel, can help provide you with warmth longer and with greater reliability.
Making sure you keep your physical body healthy is essential for outdoor enthusiasts.
Any good survival kit will include first aid supplies meant to treat a wide variety of health problems or accidents.
Bandages, sterile pads, gauze, and disinfectant are crucial if you happen to experience a flesh wound while aspirin, antacids, and allergy medication will help with internal afflictions.
Other first-aid items you will want to include are insect repellent, lip-balm, sunscreen, toilet paper, feminine hygiene products, and a large supply of any prescription medication you take.
Food and water are essential safety kit items but are unfortunately difficult to pack in bulk. It is recommended to have at least three gallons of water – a three to six day supply – on hand for any outdoor trip, unless you plan to filter your drinking water un-route.
Ready-to-eat or canned foods are great but take up a lot of space in a kit. High-energy foods, such as chocolate, nuts, and dehydrated fruits, are a better bet; they are more compact and are easier to ration, making them last longer.
Multi-vitamins are also a good idea; in an emergency situation you may not be getting all the nutrients your body needs to stay healthy.
Finally, you will want to pack items that will help search-and-rescue workers find you more easily. Lightweight LED flashlights and lanterns are perfect. They have long battery lives and can be spotted from quite far away.
Flares are attention-grabbing, yes, but are single-use and carry the risk of starting an unwanted fire. A good compass can help you find your way back to more familiar areas or, at the very least, get you comfortable with the terrain you’re currently in.
Many outdoor supply companies sell multipurpose tools that have miniature compasses built in.
These are very handy and they reduce the number of items you have to carry in your survival kit.
There may be, of course, other items you deem essential to your specific outdoor adventure.
While it is important to be prepared, you don’t want to over pack and weigh yourself down unnecessarily.
Survival kits should be helpful, not burdensome. Wherever your enthusiasm lies – camping, hiking, hunting, fishing – a well-packed, well-prepared survival kit will add peace of mind to your adventure, even if you never have to use it.
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Boiled British Freshwater Fish Recipes
These can be cooked using foraged greens or taken home and given the chief treatment.
Boiled Tench
Prepare the tench by scaling, gutting, removing the gills then washing and patting dry.
Place in a large pan then pour over just enough water to cover. Add 25g of salt per 1l of water added then bring to a simmer, cover and cook gently for about 10 minutes, or until the fish is cooked through.
Transfer the tench to a warmed serving plate and garnish with parsley. Accompany with melted butter.
Boiled Trout
This is a traditional British recipe for a classic dish of boiled trout that's filleted and served topped with a truffle, garlic, vinegar, lemon juice and olive oil. Ingredients: 2 medium trout, cleaned and scaled 2 summer truffles 2 garlic cloves 1 tbsp red wine vinegar 2 tsp extra-virgin olive oil juice of 1 lemon sea salt, to taste
Bring a pan of lightly-salted water to a boil. Add the trout and cook for about 20 minutes, or until done through. Remove the fish then take off all the skin and fins.
Take the fish and carefully remove the flesh as four fillets (discard all the bones). Arrange these fillets on a serving plate. In the meantime, place the truffles and garlic in a mortar and crush to a paste.
Add the vinegar and lemon juice and mix thoroughly to combine. Place the oil in a pan, add the truffle mixture and heat gently over a low flame (this should be just heated through, do not allow the sauce to fry). Take off the heat and season to taste. Pour the sauce over the fish and serve.
Feed the 5 thousand
A fish boil is a fun, low-maintenance way to feed a large group of people -- and although it is traditionally served outdoors, you can also bring the party inside. Whether you're planning an outdoor picnic or a big family get-together, a fish boil provides a nutritious, low-calorie meal for the entire family.
Step 1
Fill a large pot about three-quarters of the way up with water. Bring the water to a boil, either on your stovetop or outside on an open fire.
Step 2
Add the potatoes and 1 pound of salt for every 10 people, and then bring the liquid back up to a boil. Cook for 8 minutes, then add the onions to the pot.
Step 3
Add 2 pounds of peeled baby carrots, if desired. Wait until the water comes back to a boil, and then cook another 2 minutes. Double these cooking times for every 10 people you are serving.
Step 4
Add the whitefish and cook for 14 minutes. Use an instant-read thermometer to test the centre of the fish. If the fish reaches 145 degrees Fahrenheit in the centre, it's done.
Step 5
Place one piece of fish, three onions and two potatoes on each plate, then add a pat of butter and spoon some of the broth over the fish. Serve with a wedge of lemon.
Catapult Hunting and UK Law
It is completely legal to shoot rabbits with a catapult with the intention to kill. So if you are looking for dinner you can use a catapult, it is legal.
However you must:
Have permission from the landowner to do so first!
Be proficient enough to be able to kill, and must use suitable projectiles to ensure this! For example steel ball bearings.
Intend to kill.
It is also important to note: The Wild Mammals Protection Act 1996 which makes it an offence to injure, maim, beat with sticks, torment or burn wild animals etc.
In other words not to kill but merely to cause suffering. Therefore if you are seen shooting at a rabbit time and time again without killing or stunning the rabbit only hitting it, this could be seen as contrary to this act, and would need to answer for it, possibly in court.
Therefore power, accuracy, using adequate and suitable projectiles, and at a range whereby an accurate shot will kill, is vital to be and be seen to be within the law.
Anyone hunt with a catapult?
When I was younger I used to make my own catapults and hunt rats, squirrels and pheasants with steel bearings. 
Using the Survival Slingshot I was amazed that I was back to grouping bearings in a 1.5 inch group at 20 yards again in no time. Having not really used a catapult for many years it just shows that practice really works and I feel like a hunt on the tree rats around here.
Use an old cardboard box, full of crumpled papers such as computer paper, newspaper etc., and take a couple of drawing pins, staples or tape etc. and fasten a target on the box - and shoot away. At the end of the session, you can take out the papers and shake them lightly, recovering your ammo - for your next volley.
Be sure to try various distances, and various sizes of ammo, and varying weights - practice as much as you can before actually going out hunting.
I usually like a bull’s eye of about two inches square, with the target placed about 10 feet away to start, and then extend my distance out to twenty five yards.
Firstly, be ethical, and practice at home with your catapult before venturing out in to the field to hunt for rabbits, grouse, pheasants, pigeons, squirrels etc.  We want good clean killing shots. As well, be ethical, and take only shots at close range, learn how to hunt various animals, so that you get very close to them before taking your shot.
Nearly any 'small game' can be shot and killed effectively at close range with a catapult, but rabbits & pheasants are likely the easiest because they often ‘stand still’ and will allow a catapult hunter to get within several feet allowing for an excellent shot.
Often these animals will hold tight for a second and even a third shot if need be.  Your adrenaline will be surging - and you will experience 'buck fever' so - beforehand - practice, practice, practice!
Get as close as you can to your quarry, and by using the same  catapult draw technique that you use for target shooting, but with the heavier hunting ammo, draw back, taking aim at the head of your target/quarry, and let fly!
Pigeons, especially in barns can also be great sport, in that one usually has an excellent shooting opportunity, and you won't put holes in the roof, either. Most farm folk don't like pigeons in their barn: pigeons are carriers of much disease!
Small glass marbles (like you played marbles with, as a kid!) work well for this plinking, and is a cheap source of ammo that is obtainable by all. I don't recommend using them for hunting purposes.
So pop along to and get yourself one of these silent killers they are really great fun to use and will bring home the bacon time after time.
Eating Crows and Some Recipes
I think most people have a natural prejudice that has prevented most crow hunters from even considering this bird as wild game.
My experience is that the mere mention of dropping these birds on the menu brings a series of comments from my mates as if I had just suggested stir frying up a batch of common sewer rats.
And if you ever make the mistake of sharing these thoughts with a non-hunter, be prepared for the same reaction. This is a shame since, properly prepared, the members of the Corvid family are as tasty as most other game birds and even tastier than some.
Besides, with crow populations as high as they are, what an untapped resource we have at our disposal.
Historically, crows, as well as other non-songbird species have been common fare. Remember "four and twenty blackbirds baked in a pie"? Our revulsion seems to centre on the fact that the crow and its close relatives are scavengers and therefore unfit to eat.
Well, as far as pigs and chickens are concerned, you just wouldn't believe what these supermarket critters will stick in their mouths.
Seafood? You honestly don't want to know what goes into shellfish before it ends up on that expensive seafood platter. I suppose the same goes for lobsters. The list goes on.
In short, it's really just our cultural prejudice that limits our possibilities. You know, maybe crow meat just needs some clever marketing terminology. Look what they did for Sweet Breads and Escargot...
Field Preparation
It will come as little surprise to anyone that even the biggest crow doesn't make much of a meal. However, the fact that it is often possible to take large numbers at a time can compensate for this.
Since a morning shoot can easily net from 10 to 100 birds, you want to limit the amount of time necessary to clean each bird. Put out of your head any idea of plucking a crow like you would a goose or duck.
Besides the breast meat, there just isn't enough edible meat on a crow to make it worthwhile. Using the technique described below, you can extract the best meat of a crow within a minute or two with very little mess.
Lay the crow on its back in front of you with its head pointed to the right.
Take a finger and locate where the breast bone meets the upper abdomen.
With a sharp knife, make a cut across the crow (wing to wing) below the breast bone. Don't be concerned about cutting too deep, no edible meat will be damaged with this cut.
Holding the bird’s feet with your left hand, place 2 or 3 fingers under the skin where the cut was made and pull in opposite directions. The skinless breast meat should now be exposed.
Take the knife again and separate each breast half away from the bone starting in the middle and working outward. You should end up with 2 lime sized pieces of crow breast. Discard the remains properly.
The meat can now be frozen, marinated or freshly prepared.
Below are some recipes. Feel free to try these or to experiment with your own creation. There is no reason why any recipe for dove, quail or grouse to be found in a wild game cookbook would not work just as well.
Then you can decide whether to tell your guests what went into the recipe before or after they have finished. Bon Appetite!!
Pre-Cooking Preparation
You can use this method with crows, coots, diver ducks and just about any fowl that may have a strong flavour.
Use as many breasts as you decide to grill and soak them from 2 hours to overnight in salt water then thoroughly rinse and dry the breasts.
Then use your favourite brand of Italian dressing and put enough to coat the bottom of a container you can put a lid on and put a layer of breasts, a layer of dressing, and keep layering till all the breasts are in the container. Finally, top off with dressing and put in fridge overnight. The next day they will be tender and tasty.
Summer Crow Layers
16 pieces of crow breast meat (no bones) (8 crows)
16 pieces of green pepper
16 cherry tomatoes
8 button mushrooms
8 ears of sweet corn
1 1/2 cups of Teriyaki sauce
1/2 cup melted butter
8 kabob skewers
Cut each piece of crow in half and place in a covered bowl with the Teriyaki sauce over night. Clean and cut each ear of corn into 3 pieces. Cook in boiling salt water for 10 minutes.
Alternately put corn (3 pieces), green peppers (3 pieces) and cherry tomatoes (3) along with 4 pieces of crow meat on each skewer. Use 1 mushroom to top each skewer. Brush with melted butter and place on preheated grill for about 4 minutes. Flip, butter again and place back on grill for another 4 minutes. Repeat one last time for a total of 12 minutes or until they appear done. Serves four adults.
Country "C" Medallions
24 pieces of crow breast meat (no bones) (12 crows)
2 medium onions (chopped)
6 tblsp of oil
5 slices of bacon (chopped)
1 big or 2 small turnips (peeled & chopped)
1/3 of celery root (peeled & chopped) - note: substitute with celery
3 tblsp wet mustard
1 tblsp lemon juice
Salt, pepper to taste
Dash of paprika
2 bay leaves
2 juniper berries - note: substitute with allspice
1 tblsp Majorjam (crushed)
1 heaping tblsp of mayonnaise
Sauté onions and bacon in oil until golden. Add meat, spices and sauté some more. Add vegetables and the rest of the ingredients except mayonnaise. Add enough water to keep the meat almost covered. Cook in a slow cooker on medium
In about 3 hours you will see that the meat is soft enough to cut with a fork. Take the meat out and place on heated platter or dish to keep warm. Remove the bay leaf and put all the gravy (about 2 cups) in a blender and blend. When thoroughly blended, add mayonnaise and blend shortly.
Add gravy to meat and serve over rice with a winter salad. Serves four adults.
Pan Fried Crow
2 eggs
seasoned bread crumbs or flour
oil or bacon grease
Remove breast meat from as many crows as desired. Beat with meat mallet (for tenderizing). Dip the pieces in beaten egg and then in bread crumbs or flour. Fry in oil in hot skillet. Leave inside a tad pink if you like that sort of thing.
Bug-Out Checklist
What exactly do you need to take with you if you need to leave home in a rush? Perhaps a disaster is coming your way and you need to get out before it hits, or something has already happened and the world is falling apart around you and you need to get to somewhere safer.
What would you take with you?
Most people don’t even know where to start. So here is a checklist of the things you will you need to bring if you need to get out quickly:
Survival Kit/ Bug-Out Bag
You basically need the essentials to survive.
Water - Water storage as well as filters.
Food - Ideally enough to last you for at least 3-5 days.
Clothes - Staying warm is a top priority.
Shelter - You need sleep, without it you can’t think or act as well.
First-Aid - Just the basics to help patch up injuries.
Medicines - Prescription and over the counter.
Weapons - Lethal and non-lethal weapons for protection and hunting.
Others - General supplies for cooking, fire making, lighting, hunting/fishing, trapping etc.
A Survival Knife - The most important and useful tool that you can have.
Important Documents
Make sure you have all of the paperwork you may need for you and your family.
Insurance Information
Legal Documents/deeds
Any Important Contacts
Medical Records and Information
Family & Pet Information
Copies! - Have a backup in a safe place in case anything happens to the originals.
Guns / Ammo
Non-Lethal Protection like pepper spray, tazers, stun guns, etc.
Walkie Talkies (mobile phone service may go down)
Wind-up/solar Radio / Wind-up/solar torch
Camera - It might be a good idea to document some of what is going on to try to share with the outside world.
Laptop - Keep up to date on news and what is happening. Assuming you can get internet service.
Mobile Phone - Again, don’t count on this for communication as service either goes down or is totally overwhelmed by volume in a severe crisis.
You should have at least 3 days of food in your Bug-Out Bag.
Load up whatever extra food you can carry.
Hopefully you have stored food in your house so it is easily accessible.
Have a plan for when your food runs out (Hunting, fishing, growing.)
Water Storage Containers
Water Filters
Bring as much water as you can carry. This is more important than food.
Make sure your water containers are easy to carry with you and can be easily refilled.
Water filters should work easily and provide good, clean water.
DIY Survival Candles
Candles are an easy-to-use source of emergency lighting and a little bit of heat. I'm shocked to see some of the prices that are charged for long burning candles sold for survival or emergency preparedness - if you want to buy a dozen or so candles, the cost really starts to add up.
Don’t worry! You can make your own survival candles at home very cheaply, using high-quality, long burning soy wax. It's an easy project - the materials are easy to buy and you won't need any specialized tools.
The materials you will need are:
Soy wax flakes. These are commonly used in making scented candles and are sold in craft stores or Amazon and Ebay. I bought a 5 pound bag from Amazon for 12.79 delivered.
You can use other wax, but soy is affordable, typically has a longer burn time than other waxes and has some other beneficial qualities (all-natural, renewable, etc.).
I purchased a dozen 8 ounce jars from my local pound shop for £2.40. If you have jars around the house, no need to buy 'them.
You can use jars from jams, sauces and so on for candles in the past.
You can find wicks on Amazon, eBay and at your craft stores. You'll want your wicks to be a bit longer than your candle holder is tall. I found 100 nine inch wicks on eBay for About £5 total.
The tools you will need are:
Scissors: For cutting the wicks to size
Double Boiler: For melting the wax. I don't have an actual double boiler, so I just get a large pot, fill it about 1/3 to 1/2 of the way with water, and then nest a slightly smaller pot inside.
A Pouring Device: I use a pyrex measuring cup.
Protective Gloves: We'll be using boiling water and hot wax, so you want to keep your hands safe.
The steps are simple.
First, you'll want to get your wicks ready. If your wicks are way too long for your container, you'll want to trim them down to approximate size. I had 9" wicks here. Put your wicks in the jars. Don't worry if they're not centred - we'll fix that after we pour the wax.
Now it's melting' time!
Carefully transfer the melted wax into your pouring container. Then, pour away! Don't worry about the container - soy wax is all natural, non-toxic and cleans up fairly easily. Beware if you have a soy allergy, though.
Don't fill the jar up the whole way - leave some room between the wax and the top of the container. You'll want to centre the wicks at this point. Then, take a break and let the wax cool and harden up.
Almost done!
Last step. After the wax has cooled, trim the wicks as needed--you want the wick to be about 1/4" above the wax. Then, screw the lids on and you're ready for storage!
While some advertise 70+ hours of burn time for 8 ounce candles like this, they're more in the ballpark of 40 to 50 hours, and you'll get the most life out of them if you burn the candles four hours at a time.
Since you would only use the candle for about 4 hours every evening, a single candle should last for around 10 days of regular use.
Not bad! You can of course use different sized jars--bigger for longer burn time, or multiple wicks for more light.
Including the purchase of new jars, my cost per candle is around £80p. With recycled jars, it's around 35 to 40p.
These aren't crap materials, either--these are the same quality of materials used for high-end aromatherapy candles that sell for £12 each. Another plus - the combination of soy wax's lower melting point and the protective glass jar make this a safer source of light when compared to other candles, oil lanterns and so on.
One modification that I plan to make it to include a booklet of matches inside of each jar – it’s cheap and makes sure you've got a way to light the candle if it's pulled out of storage during a power outage, etc.
The Best Meal of the Day
Breakfast is considered the most important meal of the day.
This is especially true for backpackers, survivalists and preppers on exercise. A healthy breakfast is responsible for replacing the glucose stores depleted each night and for providing the body with the nutrients it needs for jump-starting the day.
The consequences of skipping breakfast -- a drop in blood sugar levels, fatigue, poor concentration, irritability and lethargy -- can manifest themselves throughout the day, making hiking a miserable experience.
Energy Requirements
Backpackers commonly burn anywhere from 3,000 and 6,000 calories a day and have to consume between 2 and 3 lbs. of energy-dense food each day to meet their energy requirements.
Breakfasts are typically a backpacker's biggest meal, accounting for 25 per cent of the day's required calories and nutrients.
A healthy breakfast that contains a balanced ratio of protein, fats and complex carbohydrates can provide a backpacker with the energy needed for a successful hike without the blood sugar crash that accompanies the consumption of simple sugars.
Along with complex carbohydrates, fats are the preferred fuel for muscles. Calorie- and nutrient-dense, fats are typically a lightweight, trail-friendly food that provides the body with a reliable source for long-term energy.
Fats are typically found in oils, nuts, avocados, fish, meats, butter and cheese. Roughly 35 to 40 per cent of the calories in a backpacker's breakfast should come from fat.
Fats are especially important for backpackers on long, strenuous treks or those in colder climates.
Complex Carbohydrates
Complex carbohydrates refer to the starches found in the whole grains, cereals, fruits and vegetables that contain glucose. As the body's main source of energy, glucose provides an immediate supply of energy that replenishes glucose stores and jump-starts the body.
An important component of a backpacker's diet, roughly 50 per cent of a breakfast's calories should come from complex carbohydrates. As the brain's sole source of energy, glucose is also important for maintaining mental focus and boosting mood.
When combined with fibre, complex carbohydrates can help stabilize the body's blood glucose levels and prevent fatigue and hypoglycaemia during a morning hike.
While complex carbohydrates provide the body with an immediate source of energy, protein provides the body with longer-lasting energy stores. Since proteins take longer to digest then carbohydrates, they can stop hunger throughout the morning and provide the body with a sustained energy source.
However, since proteins are not as energy-dense as fats or carbohydrates, they should only make up 10 to 15 per cent of a trail breakfast.
Protein sources like dried eggs, peanut butter, fish, beans, nut, legumes, whole grains and meats are healthy, trail-friendly protein choices.
Weight and Bulk
It is not uncommon for the majority of a pack's weight and bulk to be food. However, unlike fresh ingredients, dehydrated, freeze-dried and powdered foods do not spoil and can cut down on weight and bulk.
When planning a trail breakfast, it is important to consider weight, preparation and energy requirements.
Granola and oatmeal with nuts, seeds or dried fruit are common trail-friendly breakfasts since they are calorie-and nutrient-dense, easy to pack, and quick to cook.
Breakfast and cereal bars can also be a good source of energy, unless they are contain large amounts of refined carbohydrates.
Common Prepping Mistakes
With the abundance of bad info out there, it’s easy for new preppers to make a lot of mistakes.
I, myself, when I was a new prepper made many mistakes and I’m sure I’ll make more, but that’s part of the learning process.
To help you speed up this process, here are some common prepping mistakes you’ll want to avoid:
Not having a survival library. Books are less common these days because we do so much reading on the Internet and Kindles. But if the power goes out, having a good collection of survival books could save your life.
They’ll give you something to read when you’re bored, and will have important instructions on things like purifying water, building fires, and medical care.
While you want to learn as much of this info as you can ahead of time, no one can know everything, and there are bound to be times when a survival library will come in handy.  
Focusing on supplies instead of skills. Of course, just because you have all the best books on survival doesn’t mean you shouldn’t bother to learn survival skills. It’s possible your books will be destroyed or you won’t be able to get to them.
The same rule applies to your survival food and gear. What if you’re at work when your home is destroyed by an explosion, earthquake or some other disastrous event? Would you still have the skills to survive, or are you completely dependent on your food and gear?
Not having enough water preps. I cannot overemphasize the importance of water. There are many survivalists who have six months of food and only two weeks of water on hand.
Considering that you can survive without food about ten times as long as you can survive without water, you’d be better off with two weeks of food and six months of water.
Don’t do that either by the way, but at least make sure your water will last as long as your food. If you don’t have enough room for that much, there are many ways to collect and purify water.  
Not having enough variety in food supplies. Too many new preppers buy nothing but rice, beans, flour, salt and sugar. If that’s all you have to eat after a disaster, you’re going to be miserable.
Your body will have trouble adjusting to the new bare-bones diet and you’ll suffer from food fatigue, where your survival food won’t be appetizing even when you’re very hungry.
Make sure you buy the ingredients for a variety of possible meals so you’ll feel satisfied every time you eat.
This leads to my next point…
Not eating what you store. This was the first mistake I made when I started stocking up on food. I bought all kinds of food, sealed it up, put it in the cupboard, and forgot about it.
Inevitably, some of my food went bad and I had to throw it out. It’s important you store what you eat and eat what you store.
I’m a mate of rotate, in other words rotate your food and water supplies
If you’re not sure how to cook meals from the basic ingredients, I’d recommend getting some cookbooks and a guide like Emergency Food Storage & Survival Handbook 10 Common Prepping Mistakes which has a lot of great recipes.
Not having enough vitamins. Personally, I think everyone should be taking multivitamins since most modern diets don’t provide the nutrition we need, but this will be even more important in a survival situation.
The stress of having your life turned upside down, constant threats to you and your family, and manual labour will take a lot of energy and tax your immune system. Vitamins will help keep you strong and healthy, especially Vitamin C.
While the last few points have been about food, don’t forget all your other survival needs. When a lot of people think of prepping, the first things they think about are food and water and they proceed to stock up on them while neglecting healthy and beauty supplies, first aid kids, bug out bags, cooking implements, clothes, weapons and other important items.
While food should be your first priority, don’t forget your other priorities.
Relying only on an arsenal. At the other end the spectrum, there are some preppers who focus all their attention on guns and ammo. The reasoning is that not only will they be able to protect themselves, they’ll be able to hunt their food and trade ammo for other supplies.
This is unrealistic, especially if you’re in or near a city. The little bit of wildlife in your area will be picked clean by others, and most people won’t be interested in your ammo as they, like you, will be looking to trade for food and other vital supplies. Sure, have some weapons for self-defence, but don’t go overboard.
As much as we all love our pets, for some reason it’s easy to forget that they need preps, too. 
Animals require more than just food and water.
Planning on bugging out. Although having a bug out bag and a vehicle survival kit is important, unless you have advance warning of a disaster it will be very difficult to get from your home to your bug out location.
The streets will be congested, roads and entire areas could be inaccessible, and fuel could become unavailable. 
That’s why I think it’s so important to be ready to Bug-in.
You are listening to the UK preppers Radio network on KPRNDB-UK I’m your host Tom Linden
Surviving in the Woods
Ever been on a hike admiring the wild flowers, gazing up at the tips of the trees--and suddenly found yourself completely alone and lost?
No of course you have not, but what if? What would happen to you if you couldn't find your way back to safety? While being lost in the woods can be a frightening experience, surviving alone in the wild is generally a matter of common sense, patience, and wisely using the gifts that nature provides.
To survive in the woods, you must use these guidelines and tips.
Plan ahead. Don't just trek off into the wilderness; do some research first. There are a lot of resources regarding survival, both online and in libraries, but warning: many of the techniques used are sometimes wrong or incomplete.
Knowledge of the local plants and animals can save your life! If you need any medication or injections, bring them along – even if you don’t plan to be gone for long enough to need them.
Every time you go into the wilderness, make sure someone knows where you are going and how long you intend to be gone. That way someone will realize that you are missing, quickly alert rescuers, and be able to tell them where to start looking for you (much like a “flight plan,” which pilots always file before leaving).
Similarly, don't forget to call the person(s) you notified to tell them when you are back. Like the boy who cried wolf, a false alarm wastes rescue resources and may be.  
Bring survival gear. Basic survival tools such as a knife, a fire steel (metal match), some matches (in a waterproof canister), some cord (550 paracord is best), a Whistle, a space blanket, a signalling mirror, water purifying tablets, a compass, etc. this  can mean the difference between life and death.
However if you decide to bring something like a knife make sure you have permission and don't give people the wrong impression. Even if you are only out on a day hike, be sure to bring the essentials.
Having all this equipment is nothing if you cannot use it properly. Make sure to practice many times in a safe environment before venturing into the wilderness, somewhere like your back garden also, know how to catch and cook fish if the need arises.
Forget about catching game; this is a painstakingly slow, energy-consuming process that will divert your attention from your real goal, trying to get home.
Learn how to use a compass. If you have a map and can spot a few prominent landscapes, you can actually use the compass to triangulate your position and, from there, figure out where you need to go.
When choosing a space blanket (a light, thin sheet of extremely reflective Mylar), spend a little extra to buy a larger, more durable model.
A space blanket can be used to block wind and water, wrapped around the body prevent and counteract hypothermia, or even placed behind you to reflect a fire’s heat onto your back, but none of this is useful if the blanket is too small or tears the moment you unwrap it.
Bring a means of communication. A mobile phone with spare battery or a portable CB radio can be your best, quickest means of rescue if you are truly lost or injured.
A mobile signal may only be obtainable from a hill or tree (be safe if contemplating a climb) but is better than nothing.
Don't panic if you’re lost. Panic is more dangerous than almost anything else, because it interferes with the operation of your single best, most useful and versatile survival tool: your mind.
The moment you realize that you are lost, before you do anything else, stop. Take a deep breath and stay calm. Even if you're hanging from a rope halfway down a mountainside with a broken leg, remind yourself that people have survived exactly this situation.
Stand still and look around carefully! Wherever you are will become your "point zero." Find a way to mark it using a spare piece of clothing, a pile of rocks, a sheet of paper, or anything else easily visible from a distance.
Stay in one place. This not only increases your chances of being found, but also reduces the energy your body expends and the amount of water and food you will need. Hunker down and stay put.
Chances are that someone will be looking for you, especially if you let someone know your plans
Build a good-sized fire with sufficient coals to stay hot for many hours, and make sure that you have plenty of extra dry wood.
Start the fire before you think you need it, even if the weather is warm; fires are easier to make under stress less conditions than in a panic as the sun sets – to say nothing of the fact that having a fire nearby will give you a sense of comfort and safety as you get your bearings.
A good rule of thumb is to gather wood until you think you have enough to last the night, then gather three more piles of the same size, after which you might have enough to get through the night.
In the wilderness, you should have access to dry wood in the understory of the forest. You can also use bark or dried dung.
If you build a fire that is hot enough, you can also burn green wood, brush, or tree boughs to make a signalling fire (one that makes a lot of smoke).
The best wood for maintaining a fire is dead wood that you pull off a standing tree. Regardless of what type of woods you are in, there will certainly be some dry wood available.
Remember that a small fire is easier to keep burning than a big fire, though, because it requires less fuel. Once you have sufficient embers, keep the fire to a manageable size so you don't spend too much time looking for fuel.
Don't build a fire in an area where it is unsafe to do so. Your fire should be well away from flammable trees and brush, preferably in a clearing. Be careful with your fire. While you want to feed it, you shouldn't overdo it.
Consider the weather and other factors and remember, a forest fire is a lot harder to survive than just being lost!
Signal your location to maximize the odds that someone finds you. Make noise by whistling, shouting, singing, or banging rocks together. If you can, mark your location in such a way that it's visible from the air.
If you're in a mountain meadow, make three piles of dark leaves or branches in a triangle. In sandy areas, make a large triangle in the sand. In a forest, you might want to prepare three small fires ready to ignite at a moment's notice, with heaps of wet leaves nearby in order to make smoke.
Three of anything in the wilderness is a standard distress signal. The space blanket can also be used as a signalling device.
Start scouting your area, carefully keeping track of your location. In your immediate area, make sure you look around carefully for anything useful. You could find things someone left there before, be it a tin can or small lighter, it can be helpful significantly.
Be sure you can always find your way back to your "point zero" as you search for water, shelter, or your way home.
Find a good source of water. In a survival situation, you can last up to three days without water, but by the end of the second day you're not going to be in very good shape; find water before then.
The best source of water is a spring, but the chances of finding one are slim.
A running stream is your next best bet; the movement of the water reduces sediment. Be advised that drinking water from streams can lead to some sicknesses, but when you're in a life-or-death situation, the risk of illness is a secondary consideration and anything you may get can be treated when you return.
Purify your water. A crude method of water purification is to take your handy pot and heat the water. For this to effectively kill bacteria, it must be at a rolling boil for at least a minute.
You can also put (clear) water in a clear plastic bottle and set it in the sun for six hours to kill most of the organisms.
However, if the water is so full of sediment that the sun can’t penetrate it, this method will not work. If you have any, add a pinch of salt to the water to try to bring the sediment to the bottom.
Find or create shelter. Without adequate shelter, you will be fully exposed to the elements and will risk hypothermia or heatstroke, depending on the weather.
If you are not properly dressed for the conditions, finding shelter is all the more important. Luckily, the woods are filled with tools and resources to make both shelters and fires (for warmth, safety, and signalling purposes).
Here are some things you can use:
Look for a fallen or leaning tree. You can build an A-frame shelter by stacking branches along both side a fallen tree, then over the branches with brush, palm fronds, leaves, or other plants.
Use brush or green branches (boughs) from trees to repel water, block wind, keep out snow, or create shade.
Use a tarp to seal yourself in from the elements.
The Bug out Week end is coming.

Community of UK Preppers on FB are having a (Bug out weekend)
So why not join them on the 2nd to the 4th may 2015 to share and learn ideas with other like-minded people

The location on the East coast of Humberside

Available Spaces
All spaces are designated specific areas of the Bug Out Weekend location that are suitable for that type of bugging out system as the location is a wild managed area and has a range of different types of ground.

All the places listed here are for the tree covered areas of the location.

1. Hammocks: ---------------------15 spaces.

2. Tarps and tents----------------10 Places

3. 4x4 and off road vehicles----20 places.

4. Campervans and trailers----15 places

There is a large open ground area of the location for the Bug Out Weekend to use whatever system you choose, but I will be limiting these spaces to 40 spaces.

Admission Fee
£20.00 for adult over 16 years

£10.00 for child under 16 years

Free for child under 10 years

Traders and promoters are welcome for no extra cost to the entrance fee

Anyone who says they are going to the event must pay a non-refundable £5.00 deposit per person to secure their place.
How to make deposit payment.
Only if you wish to attend say you are going and I will message you and give you the Paypal address with a payment reference number.

Once payment has been made i will send you your payment receipt reference number. This number is to be presented on entry to the Bug out Weekend where the deposit will be deducted from the admission cost.

Please arrange any train Tickets to Scunthorpe as soon as possible (ASAP) as this will save you money and could be cheaper than your own car.
We can arrange to pick you up from Scunthorpe Train Station and drop you back off for a fee of £3.00. Please let me know as soon as possible if you require this service.

There will be a toilet facility in place.

There will be ranges for Archery, Crossbow, Air rifle, live round rifles and shotgun too.

There will be a solar Shower available with hot water available if needed..

There will be a Marquee set up in case of any wet weather so it won't stop people who want to do a bit of socialising

There will be a BBQ for anyone who wants to have a good old meat feast at the cost of £5.00 per head

UK Firearms Licensing Act

For anyone who wishes to bring along a gun or rifle that requires to be licensed under the UK Firearms licensing act 1968.

It is every owner’s responsibility to ensure they are covered under the Uk Firearms licensing act and proof of cover for any such firearms must be shown before you are allowed entry to the Bug out Weekend meeting.

The organisers or associates will not be held responsible for any transportation of unlicensed Firearms to or from the Bug Out Weekend.

See the link below

Strict safety rules and timing guidelines at the range points must be followed at all times.

All guidelines and disclaimers will be presented on entry to the Bug Out Weekend meeting by security staff.

All guidelines and disclaimers must be read and understood before entry to the Bug out Weekend.

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