Failing to Prepare is Preparing to fail

"Surviving to Fight means Fighting to Survive"

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Sunday, 7 September 2014

Show Contents 7th September 2014

Show Notes
This week I begin with the Blizzard Survival 20% Discount Offer, then Choosing Game, Support these companies, Dressing Game, The Ribzwear 30% Discount Offer, ISIS How Worried Should We Be? The Rubbish Bag Survival Shelter System, The Wilderness121 10% Discount Offer, UK Foods to Forage, The Field Leisure 10% Discount Offer, Prepared for Disaster, The Buggrub 10% Discount Offer, more companies to support, Prepping for Beginners, Bugging Out, The Midimax 10% Discount Offer,  Further companies to support, This is What Your Body Needs, Lemons the Survival option.
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Choosing Game
Choosing and cooking game isn't difficult with a few guidelines and a little information about Game.
Game is the term for wild animals and birds hunted and caught for food. 
Game has been a favourite British food forever, as it was once the main source of meat for many being wild and more importantly, free. Today many animals and birds, which were once wild, are now raised on farms including quail, deer and rabbit.
Game falls into two types; feathered and furred.
The season for wild feathered game starts officially on the 12th August, known as the Glorious 12th, and runs through to late February; furred game from August 1st until late April. Dates vary throughout the UK and Ireland for different types of Game and precise details can be found on the Shooting UK website.
Buying Game
Many supermarkets now sell oven-ready game with cooking instructions but if you want to know more about where your meat came from then it is best to go to a specialist game dealer. 
A game dealer will be able to tell you where and when the bird or animal was shot and advise on cooking methods.
Knowing the age of the game is very important, as this will determine the cooking method. Young birds can be roasted whereas older birds are better suited to a casserole or pie. 
If you are lucky to have been given a brace of birds, young birds if un plucked will have smooth legs, and the beak and feet will still be pliable.
Fresh game can only be bought in season unless frozen, whereas farmed game is not subject to the seasons and can often be bought year-round. Farmed game is tenderer and less gamey in flavour than from the wild; which you choose is down to personal preference.
Hanging Game
Birds and animals caught in the wild have a tendency to be dry and tough and the way to counteract this is to hang them. 
Hanging tenderizes the meat and allows flavour to develop.
The test of when a bird or animal had been hung sufficiently used to be waiting until the head and tail feathers fell off, or maggots appeared in the gut is no longer used – thank goodness. 
Ripeness is now judged by the smell. A high bird will smell powerfully gamey; a bird that is rotten smells bad, as any meat that has gone off.
Pheasant, partridge and grouse should be hung by the neck, wildfowl including geese by the feet. This helps the meat to mature slowly and retain moisture – very important to avoid the game being dry when cooked.
We have about two months left to obtain some game; quite often game butchers will offer a deal on locally shot game, my local butcher has an offer of 10 oven ready pheasants for only £20. 
But I ask you if you have not tried it to do so this year, you will not regret it.
If you are looking for some new kit then please Support these Companies
The following companies have supported this station and I will support them they are:
You will never need to boil water again
For I-shields UV Protection
For top quality 550 Paracord
For Survival Knives and Survival Kits
For the Nano Striker fire starter
For tasty MX3 Meals
The Lifesaver bottle
For the Knot Bone Lacelock
For the Wild and Edible Nutrition E Book
Browning Night Seeker Cap Light RGB
Multi lite Multi-tool
For the Ghillie Kettle
For the Blackbird SK-5 or his handmade leather sheaths
For the Farside Outdoor Meals
The Survivor knife
For the Chris Caine companion survival tool
Day Ration Pack
Vango Storm Shelter 400
myFC PowerTrekk
It runs on water, it really does
The Paper Shower
The Life Straw
Purinize is a 100% all-natural solution of concentrated mineral salts and purified water.
Is a solar powered phone charger really useful in the UK?
Recharge via mains usb, PC, Car usb and in addition, Solar
Hold charge for months, even when in a pocket
Any direct sunlight will trickle charge the battery.
Get more charges per given capacity and very useful in an emergency
Dressing Game
This is for David from Runcorn who texted the show last week about dressing game.
Once you have snared or killed game for the stew pot, do you know how to field dress it? There are different types of game and just about as many different ways to dress it. 
But, since most survivors hardly ever kill a deer, I will skip the big game part. For our purposes we will stick to birds, rabbits, and squirrels as that is usually what we have to deal with here in the UK.
Many people are not very excited about the idea of processing their own meals. It seems in our society today we have lost the art of killing, dressing and processing our own foods. 
And, I agree with what some of you may be thinking, we don’t have a need to do that stuff much anymore.
However, once forced in to the wilds, we will need that skill if our hunting ability is to pay off. Your first step is to insure your animal is dead. 
I can tell you from experience that most small game, while not able to cause serious injury, can scratch or bite you. Use caution and kill the animal before you pick it up.
A quick way to dispatch a snared or trapped animal is with a heavy blow to the head from a club. Or, you can spear it. I prefer to use a club because it kills instantly and the animal does not suffer. 
While I do have to eat, I don’t relish the idea of hurting any animal. But, as survivors we must eat and part of that diet must be animal proteins and fats. Something must die for us to live.
A rabbit is very easy to dress and takes but a couple of minutes. You can hang the animals by its back legs if you want and grasp the skin on a leg. 
Make a small cut, from one ankle down and across to the other ankle. You can now pull the skin down, and off, like a glove. 
Remove the feet and the head.
To gut the animal, pinch the upper stomach and make a very small incision. Take the tip of your knife and slowly cut down and then up. 
That procedure should have opened the stomach cavity. Remove the inner organs, with your hand, using caution not to rupture the bladder (urine). Retain the heart, liver, and kidneys, if they are not spotted.
While the thought of it may gross you out, the inner organs are very important to your survival diet. You must find a way to cook them that will allow you to eat them. 
I would suggest you make a stew and just add all of the meats.
A squirrel is a little tougher to skin.
I suggest that you do not hang a squirrel when dressing it. 
Make a cut about two inches long on the animals back, grasp the two pieces of skin, and pull them away from each other.
Then, remove the head and feet. 
Gut and retain the inner organs just like you did the rabbit. 
Remember, avoid breaking the bladder or you will get urine on the meat. 
Birds can either be plucked or skinned. I suggest they be plucked. This keeps the skin on the meat, which is full of oils and fats.
Unless dealing with wood pigeon with which I just remove the breasts by slicing through the feathers following the back bone all the way down.
To pluck them you just need to pull all of the feathers out. For small birds it is easy to do, but with a goose or a turkey, it may take you a little time. 
Gut them immediately, keep the inner organs, and cover them with cloth if you have any.
This is to keep flies and insects away from them. 
I recommend in warm weather that your bird be cooked as soon as possible. And no matter how pretty the picture is of a bird roasting over a fire, make yours into a soup or stew. 
You should boil it because you will need all of the nutrients in the animal. 
Roasting will allow those important parts of your diet to drip and burn. While boiling retains them.
The thought of killing, field dressing, and preparing meat is disturbing to some people and it is easily understood. 
Nonetheless, in a survival situation, you must learn to prepare your own foods.
I have eaten many rabbits, squirrels, birds and fish. Keep the will to survive alive in your head and you too can make it. Learn to live! I hope that was of benefit for you David.
A front pack is a pack or bag that allows for access of equipment from the persons chest. Front packs first and foremost allow for easy access of gear without the removal of any equipment.
In many adventure outdoor activities it can be critical to have the ability to reach essential gear fast without the removal of a backpack. Simplicity is the foremost purpose of the front pack but there are many additional benefits as well.
In all there are unlimited uses for the front pack. Front packs are the best compliment to any outdoorsman’s gear when accessibility, functionality, mobility and simplicity are required. From horseback riding, long distance biking, motorcycling and kayaking.
All sports where fast and easy access of gear is essential, a front pack is your best solution and as you can imagine it is going down a storm within the prepping and survivalist community.
Your summer code is "TRAILBLAZE" and can be used in the coupon section within the Store.    Have a Great Summer!
ISIS How Worried Should We Be?
Britain’s spies now judge a terrorist attack on British soil to be ‘highly likely’. So should we be losing sleep at nights about the raised threat level?
It’s not good news at all.
‘The scale of this threat is growing,’ David Cameron said ominously at a hastily-arranged press conference at No 10.
He’s talking about the risk from around 500 British-born jihadists who have gone to fight in Syria and now Iraq.
Isis is actually seeking to establish and then violently expand its own terrorist state’. Some people might want to ignore this, but I suggest that we do not.
The ambition to create an extremist caliphate is a threat to our security here in the UK.
Having been trained and armed overseas, some of these foreign fighters could decide to make Britain their next target.
It’s too late to stop the passports of the fighters who have already made it out of Britain. But now we know who they are we should prevent them from re-entering the UK
British people have always showed resolve and perservance in the face of these dangers, having lived through the early troubles in Norn Iron, I can tell you that life goes on, you adapt to circumstances as they happen and you develop you own self-preservation and survival mode that works for you and yours.
Remember just because it has happened, and could happen again, doesn’t mean it WILL happen.
If you are wanting to visit the UK
It’s possible for visitors to accidentally encounter such attacks, so the best option is to do what the English do: stay alert, keep an eye out for suspicious activity.
Have a plan for what to do IF something happens (like; register your travel with your embassy, leave your travel insurance policy details with a family member back home, and have a pre-arranged meeting place for travel companions), and then go about your normal business.
If you live in the UK then go about your daily business, by stopping doing things and going places you are letting the terrorist win as their sole aim is to terrorise.
I recommend that you of course keep alert, notice strange people, vehicles, activities out of the norm, in fact anything suspicious and ring the police.
We are all in this together as British citizens we must become and remain vigilant.
The Rubbish Bag Survival Shelter System
So you are trapped in your office due to riots or civil unrest, flooding or even a white out snow blizzard. Or you are just out and about in the woods and get lost what could you keep in the office or carry with you that would be cheap, easy to use and works every time?
I suggest the humble black bag, 5 of them in fact.
If you intend lying on the ground or an office floor your first consideration must be to reduce or even prevent ground chill. Ground chill is where your body heat is sucked away by the cold surface under you.
In the woods you simply fill two rubbish bags with leaves and vegetation providing you with a barrier between you and the cold surface under you and you also win because you have just made a very comfortable mattress.
Now when in the woods you will need some level of cover over you to keep you dry.
Take two more rubbish bags slit them open and “as you always have some duct tape” right? Tape them together and you now have a tarp that you can fix over you.
The last rubbish bag is you poncho, all you do is cut two arm holes at each side at the top and a slit for your head job done.
You now have your very own pocket shelter system.
Wilderness121’s 10% discount
The new supplier of Purificup to the UK is Wilderness121 and they really mean business, having spoken to the director Rob Williams he has agreed to offer you dear listener a 10% discount just by putting the letters UKPRN into the code box it is that simple.
Now pop along to and check out their great range of survival related products.
UK Foods to Forage
I thought there was no such thing as a free lunch? But Britain’s edible wild plants, berries and nuts can provide exactly that
Thanks to modern agricultural methods, foraging – once a part of many people’s daily life – has faded away, replaced by regular trips to the supermarket instead.
Recently, however, there has been a revival of interest in raiding nature’s larder thanks to increased awareness of the health benefits of wild food, not to mention the TV exploits of Bear Grylls, Ray Mears and co and I think because of the revival in prepping, bushcraft and survival.
But foraging is about more than just food. It gets us out into the countryside and helps to cultivate an intimate appreciation of nature, re-establishing a connection severed by modern urban life.
But for the beginner, foraging should come with a health warning as it’s easy to mistake a deadly fungus for an innocent field mushroom.
While wild food is generally good for you, taking precautions and getting some tips and advice from experienced foragers is essential.
To help you get started, here are some of the best – chosen for their versatility, abundance, health benefits and ease of harvesting. Before you head out into the wilderness, remember to check whether the land you are foraging on is protected, and whether it is public – get permission if it isn’t.
Always follow the country code and don’t overharvest: birds and animals depend on wild foods for their survival. 
Neither animal nor vegetable, mushrooms are a type of fungi and the largest living organisms on Earth, some reaching three miles in length.
Wild mushrooms grow across most of the UK, and parks and woodlands are a good place to start; the New Forest is said to be particularly rich. Thanks to the diversity of our native mushroom species, there are always some varieties in season, but autumn is the prime mushroom picking time, as September and October are the months when most of the good edible varieties appear.
Always take a knife when foraging for fungi, so you can cut them from the base rather than pulling them out of the ground. This prevents damage to the mycelium (root-like threads) that allow them to regenerate.
Take paper bags or a wicker basket rather than plastic, which makes for sweaty mushrooms. Once you have your mushrooms safely home you are spoilt for choice for things to do with them. Grill them, stuff them, add them to soups, stir-fries and pies, or fry with wild garlic and parsley.
There are loads of recipe ideas for wild mushrooms online, such as  which also offers a guide to identifying the best edible species, and even an app for on the hoof identification using your mobile phone. 
Wild Garlic
Wild garlic is a good all-rounder. Widespread and abundant across much of the UK, it’s easily harvestable throughout the year and is versatile and delicious. It tastes much like regular garlic but has a milder flavour than cultivated cloves.
Use the leaves to spice up a winter salad or stir-fry, or use it to add flavour to soups and stews. The flowers appear in spring and can be used in much the same way, adding a flash of colour at the same time.
Bulbs can be harvested year-round, but this is best done when the plant is dormant between July and December. Wild garlic is easily identifiable, forming lush green carpets in woodlands close to bluebells, and emitting a distinctive garlicky smell.
Like its cultivated cousin, wild garlic has numerous health benefits, including helping to reduce high blood pressure and cholesterol levels. It’s also good for gardens thanks to its ability to ward off pests and diseases, and the juice can even be used a household disinfectant.
There are more uses for elderflowers than for any other type of blossom I think. The aromatic blooms can be eaten raw, cooked, dried or powdered, and added to cordials, wine, salads, fritters, ice-cream, cakes, biscuits, jellies, jams, sweets, tea and meat dishes, as well as to beauty products such as skin lotion and eye cream.
Grazing on the crisp, juicy flowers straight from the tree is a wonderful way to spend a sunny afternoon, and what you can’t finish in situ can be taken home to make elderflower ‘champagne’. 
Elder bushes are usually covered in sweet-smelling flowers by the end of June, followed by berries between August and October. Elderberries can be put to many of the same uses as the flowers but the leaves and stems are poisonous. Elder is widespread and abundant in hedgerows, woods and roadsides.
There aren’t many foods you can share a bath with but seaweed is a great addition to both bath times and mealtimes by virtue of its rich vitamin and mineral content.
Eaten regularly it can help to improve poor thyroid function and blood circulation, deal with skin conditions and reduce cholesterol. It’s also extremely tasty and easy to prepare – 15 seconds in a hot wok with a little oil is all you need.
It can also be boiled, steamed or smoked and used in everything from paella and risotto to salads and soups, bread and cakes and even chocolate fondant and green tea ice cream.
Collect seaweed from any coastline with exposed rocks – the more rocks, the more variety of seaweed available. Seaweed gathering is best done when the tide is low, exposing the full range of varieties that grow at different intertidal zones.
Always keep an eye on the incoming tide and avoid areas that could become cut off from the shore. To avoid overharvesting, leave the roots and some of the fronds intact – this will allow them to regenerate.
They might have a reputation for being obstinate garden weeds and a bed-wetter’s nightmare, but dandelions are versatile, healthy and are freely available throughout the country for most of the year.
The whole plant can be eaten: leaves in salads, sandwiches or pies, while flowers (in bloom between February and November) can be used in anything from risotto to omelettes. If you can’t wait for the buds to open, they can be marinated and used like capers for flavour.
Make dandelion coffee by grinding the dried roots and use as normal. It’s totally caffeine-free and has a vaguely chocolaty taste. The roots can also be thrown into stir-fries or added to vegetable dishes.
Another plant pariah, nettles tend to be avoided thanks to their well-known propensity for leaving painful welts on the hands of the picker.
But once you’ve invested in a decent pair of gardening gloves, the pros of nettles outweigh the cons. Among other things, they can be used be make tea, soup, beer and even haggis.
Boiling will get rid of the sting. Packed with vitamins and minerals, nettles contain more vitamin C than oranges. Nettles should be harvested before the flowers appear in early spring and only the youngest leaves should be chosen; mature leaves can damage the kidneys. Find them in gardens, woodlands, pastures and orchards.
Hawthorn used to be referred to as ‘bread and cheese,’ as the leaves sandwiched between slices of bread were once a staple food in the spring.
The leaves can also be added to salads, made into a tea or munched straight off the branch, while the roasted seeds make a good coffee substitute. Hawthorn berries, bountiful in autumn, make a tasty jam or fruit bread – try adding the dried and ground fruit to flour for a fruity loaf.
Hawthorn also has medicinal benefits and can help treat heart and circulation disorders. Powerful bioflavonoids present in the fruit stimulate blood flow to the heart and regulate the heartbeat.
Abundant, tasty and packed with vitamin C, berries are one of the easiest foods to forage. They often abound in accessible areas and there’s so much variety, you can’t go far wrong.
Among the most common are blackberries, raspberries, mulberries and sloes, and uses range from juices and cordials to jams and jelly, pies and cakes, wine and gin, and ice cream. Look for berries in woodlands, hedgerows, and parks from late summer. 
Nuts are a rich source of protein and energy for hungry foragers, but bear in mind that nuts are relied on by many birds and animals, so don’t take the lot.
Forage for nuts in the autumn, keeping them dry and warm once picked. Eat them as they come or roasted. Most nuts can also be used as a replacement for protein, so work well in nut roasts and nut breads, or mixed into salads and stir-fries for extra crunch.
Ground nuts can be pressed through a fine muslin bag to extract the oil, which can then be used for frying and dressing salads. Favourites include chestnuts, beechnuts, hazelnuts, and walnuts. Grubbing for pignuts was once a popular past time but is now illegal without the landowner’s permission.
So to finish know what you are foraging and potentially eating and if you ae not sure leave it there.
Now thanks to the Managing Director Paul listeners visiting Field Leisure - The Bushcraft & Wilderness Store    at can get 10% OFF by entering the code UKPRN at the checkout now Paul guarantees next day delivery all over the UK and fast European and US delivery and that is reassuring and refreshing too.
Prepared for Disaster
Are you prepared for a disaster that could affect the daily function of your life or the lives of your family members? Or do you even believe a disaster will ever affect you?
Blizzards, floods, power cuts, and who knows what else happens all the time. Still, most of us ignore the warnings. "It can't happen here," some say. "The government will take care of me if it does," others think.
But not only do they happen, they can happen to you. And when they do, you will be on your own. The recent UK flooding events have proved this. Look at the total disruption of transportation when it snows for example. 
This was followed by the immediate and complete paralysis of air transportation at major international airports. Thousands were stranded for days on their own in strange cities.
As serious as these events were, they pale in comparison to the possibilities. Consider a major biological or nuclear attack or accident. Hundreds of thousands of casualties are predicted in some scenarios.
These disasters or attacks would overwhelm local, regional, and national emergency resources and cause widespread panic. Transportation would stop, markets would be stripped of food within hours, essential emergency services would be overwhelmed, and food, medical supplies, and emergency service workers would be sent to the disaster area, leaving critical shortages in local areas.
Are you prepared?
Now, more than ever, you need to prepare for the possibility of disasters or attacks on a scale and type never before imagined. It is your duty to yourself, your family, and your country to be prepared.
Some of us need to be prepared for being at "ground zero." Certain areas are the most likely direct targets of terrorists or natural disasters. All of us need to be prepared to be indirect targets, those affected by the temporary collapse of our nation's infrastructure.
In short, we all need to be able to live self-sufficiently for a period of time.
What to prepare for will depend on your geographical area. Natural disasters and the risk of major terrorist attacks vary by where you live. The first thing you need to do is make a list of the possible disasters for which you need to prepare.
Some of the things you will want to consider include natural disasters, such as blizzards, floods, and even wild fires, as well as technological disasters, such as nuclear, biological, chemical (NBC) attacks, and hazardous material accidents.
Don't forget cyber-attacks, the possibility that an enemy could attack our computer systems, shutting down electrical, gas, communications, transportation, and emergency and medical services. What about attacks on our farms and agricultural processing plants? While they would likely affect only a small number of people directly, they would completely shut down food production and distribution systems.
While there are many things to plan for, your response to all of them is one of two things: stay at home or evacuate. For blizzards, earthquakes, cyber-attacks, nuclear fallout, quarantine after biological attacks, and collapse of the infrastructure, you will want to stay at home. 
For floods, hurricanes, or with some advance notice of NBC attacks, evacuation may be your course of action.
Whenever possible, staying at home in your own environment and with your own emergency supplies is the best choice. 
When you evacuate, you are essentially a refugee at the mercy of government evacuation centres or the compassion of the local population.
In a major disaster, don't expect to be welcomed by the locals who are struggling with their own survival.
In all situations, you will need to be able to think for yourself. Confusion always accompanies a major disaster and initial information and instructions may be conflicting and incorrect.
So, monitor the radio and television for official instructions on what to do, such as whether to evacuate or not, but don't assume they are correct. Make your own decisions based on your plans and preparation.
Riding it out at home
Key to your survival is preparing a disaster supplies kit, essentially the stockpiling of all materials that you would need to live on if you are cut off from outside utilities, water, and supplies. Once a disaster occurs, there won't be time and materials may not be available.
How long you will need to be self-sufficient is hard to say. My advice would be that everyone store enough food, water, and supplies to take care of their family for three days.
Preparing a "72-hour kit" is a good idea. It can be used for immediate evacuation and part of your overall disaster supply kit. Place items in a portable, easy-to-carry container, such as a large plastic box or duffel bag, ready to grab at a moment's notice.
But, is it enough? A blizzard, earthquake, quarantine, or nuclear fallout could confine you for much longer. You need to be able to take care of all the needs for your family for a period of at least two weeks and possibly longer. 
Having supplies for one to three months is not all that unreasonable or hard to accomplish.
There are six basics that should be part of your home disaster supplies kit: water, food, first aid supplies, tools and emergency supplies, clothing and bedding, and special needs items.
Tools and emergency supplies Tools and emergency supplies should include such things as battery-operated radio and flashlights with extra batteries, cups/plates/utensils, non-electric can opener, matches, lantern, fire extinguisher, hand tools for repairs and to turn off household water and gas, a whistle, and plastic sheeting. 
For sanitation, include toilet paper, soap, toothpaste, personal hygiene items, disinfectant, and household chlorine bleach. Many more items can be added. 
Think through the things you use on a daily basis.
Clothing and bedding Clothing and bedding would include a change of clothing and footwear for everyone in the household, rain gear, cold weather clothes, hat and gloves, and blankets or sleeping bags. Remember, a house or car can get very cold without heat. 
Prepare for the worst weather that you might encounter.
Store your disaster supply kit in a convenient place that is known to all family members and make sure they know your family's disaster plan. Evaluate your kit once a year and update it according to family needs.
You may not have much time to prepare when you need to evacuate. A hazardous materials spill could mean instant evacuation, so always have a smaller version of your home disaster supply kit in the boot of your car.
When you have advance warning of an evacuation, bring your portable "72-hour" disaster supply kit, along with additional food, water, and clothing. Keep important family documents in a waterproof, portable container, ready to bring with you in an evacuation.
These may include your will, insurance policies, contracts, deeds, stocks and bonds, passports, social security card, bank and credit account numbers, family documents (birth, marriage, and death certificates), inventory of valuable household items, and important telephone numbers.
It would be a good idea to always keep some cash in this container, so you have it for an emergency. If there is time, valuable family heirlooms or photographs can be added.
Now that you have a basic plan for any emergency, let's consider plans for some specific risks.
Nuclear attack/accident
A nuclear disaster could result from an accident at a nuclear power plant, a detonation of a nuclear device by terrorists or a rogue nation, or an explosion of a "dirty" bomb, an explosive surrounded by radioactive material. Individuals at "ground zero" will have little chance of survival.  
The risk for others is the exposure to radiation.
Radiation is dangerous because of harmful effects on the body. In large amounts, radiation can cause radiation sickness, thyroid and other cancers, and death.
These effects are greater the longer a person is exposed to the radiation and the closer the person is to the source. If radiation is released into the atmosphere, it can travel for thousands of miles, contaminating the ground and living organisms as it settles back to earth on dust or rain.  
This is called fallout radiation.
Time, distance, and shielding are the factors that minimize exposure to nuclear radiation. Most radiation loses its strength fairly rapidly, but it is important to limit the amount of time spent near the radiation source.
The farther away an individual is from the radiation source, the less exposure. Shielding is a barrier between an individual and the radiation.
Concrete, earth, and structures are good shields. Depending on the distance from the source, the best protection from radiation fallout may be to remain indoors.
After a nuclear disaster you may be advised to evacuate. If so, remain calm, pack your evacuation survival kit in your vehicle, and follow the evacuation routes out of the area. If there is time before leaving, close and lock windows of your house, close fireplace dampers, turn off air conditioning, vents, fans, and furnace.
Doing these things will make your house safer when you return by minimizing exposure to the inside of your house to fallout.
If you are advised to remain at home, bring pets inside, secure your house from fallout by closing and locking doors and windows, closing fireplace dampers, turning off air conditioning, vents and fans.
If your emergency supplies are stored in a garage or barn, bring them inside and, if there is time, store additional water in tubs, sinks, and available containers. Inside the house, the safest area is a basement or underground area, followed by an interior room with no windows.
Stay inside until authorities say it is safe to go outside. When coming in from the outdoors after exposure to fallout, shower and change clothes and shoes. Put the contaminated items that were worn outside in a plastic bag and seal it.
Open water sources (streams, creeks, lakes), fruits and vegetables from outdoor gardens, and livestock will all be contaminated. Do not eat or drink products from these until you know it is safe.
Very few people were actually infected in the anthrax attacks in the USA after 911 because it took direct physical contact with the bacteria to develop the disease. Other biological agents are contagious (passed from person to person), however, and are much more dangerous.
Biological agents are microorganisms (bacteria or viruses) or toxins that produce diseases in humans. The Centre for Disease Control (CDC) lists 17 biological agents that may be used as weapons, including anthrax, smallpox, plague, and botulism.
They are not immediately detectable, may take days to grow and spread, and it is impossible to know when an attack occurs. While preparations are being made for defence against such attacks, nobody really knows what to expect.
Fortunately, most of these biological agents are hard to make into weapons. Worst-case scenarios, such as suicide terrorists infected with smallpox traveling through metropolitan areas, are staggering, however.  
Thousands of victims would overwhelm medical services and die.
Likely? Hopefully not, but who knows? Those at "ground zero" who are infected will need professional medical help.
With air travel, people will spread the disease all over the country before we even know an attack occurred. 
The rest of the country will shut down as soon as authorities realize what happened.
Expect widespread closure of the country and mandatory quarantines. Transportation, food, and vital services will stop. Plan to stay at home if advised or ordered and avoid exposure with outsiders who may carry disease. 
Your stockpile of food and supplies should get you through this disaster. You may want to have some medical-type masks and gloves on hand.
Should you stockpile antibiotics in preparation for such attacks? Authorities say no and this may be practical advice. 
A large number of different types and amounts of antibiotics would need to be stored to protect your family against all likely biological weapons.
Many of the diseases are viruses, not treatable with antibiotics, and those treatable by antibiotics might be altered to make them resistant to available antibiotics. Besides, you will need professional medical care if you are exposed.
Chemical terrorism and hazardous spills
Chemical agents are gases, liquids, or solids that are poisonous to humans. Depending on the type and amount of the material, exposure to chemical agents can cause illness or be fatal.
Chemical agents include chlorine or ammonia gases that are transported on trains daily, other hazardous industrial chemicals, and chemical warfare agents, such as nerve agents, blister agents, blood poisons, and others.  
The CDC lists 58 known chemical warfare agents.
Some nerve agents, such as Sarin, used in the attack in Japan, kill quickly. If you are at "ground zero" in such situations your only chance is to evacuate immediately.
A hazardous materials spill is probably more likely than a terrorist chemical attack. For gases and other chemicals that spread in the air, evacuation to avoid exposure is critical.
Leave the area as soon as you are aware of the incident. Full face respirators (gas masks) may be useful for escape in such situations. Buy good quality, new masks designed for industrial or rescue use, not army surplus masks.
Natural disasters
Natural disasters are somewhat easier to prepare for—you either get out of their way (evacuate) or you protect yourself indoors.
In floods Sandbag doors and windows, move furniture and other items to higher ground, and evacuate if necessary. Do not drive or walk through flood waters and stay off bridges when they are covered with water.
Be prepared
Bad weather Preparation should include boarding up windows and flood-proofing your home. Bring in outside furniture, bicycles, and rubbish bins. Listen to recommendations of emergency officials and evacuate if advised. If not advised to evacuate, stay indoors and away from windows.
Blizzards Stay indoors and use the telephone only for life-threatening emergencies. Use fires safely and properly ventilate. It there is no heat, cover windows, close off un-needed rooms, and stuff towels in cracks under doors.
Wear layers of warm clothing. Eat and drink plenty. Food generates body heat and water helps circulation to keep the skin warm.
It is important to know what to do and have a plan before a disaster strikes. The internet can provide additional information for preparing for and dealing with natural disasters and terrorist attacks. 
Consider your risks, develop a plan, prepare your disaster supplies kit, and discuss with your family what to do in case of an emergency.
Remember, the future belongs to those who prepare. You must be ready before disaster strikes.

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The Survival Slingshot
Prepping for Beginners
As humans, we are naturally aware of possible threats around us, and often the way a person neutralizes that threat is to create a story of the worst case scenario and begin to prep around that. 
Becoming a person who preps for disasters begins with a level of awareness.  A prepper knows that there are possible threats, and it only makes sense to be as prepared as possible beginning with the basic disaster items to sustain basic needs (food, water, clothing and shelter) and then adding more preparedness layers onto it. 
Basic disaster items are intended to sustain a person and their family for 3-5 days.  However, many decide to expand their disaster supplies to encompass a longer duration in the case that emergency response is delayed.  This is why preppers believe in having “back-ups for their back-ups.”
Getting Started
When preparing for a disaster, it is essential to have provisions in place to secure your needs.  That being said, beginning a food supply must begin with research.  Finding out how many calories a person needs per day in order to survive, and knowing how much food to store is essential when beginning to prepare.  
Additionally, going to survival/prepping forums to read about what others are doing is another way of finding more research.  Preppers are very open to helping others who want to prepare.  We have all been at the beginning stage of preparing, and it can be overwhelming at first, but the overall goal is to get people prepared.
When beginning to get preparations in place, concentrate of the basic needs of survival: water, food, shelter, clothing and move on from there.  Below are some basic suggestions on items that would be ideal to have in the home:
It is suggested to have 1 gallon of water per person/per day.  Having a 3 day supply of water on hand is a great place to start.  However, many preppers like to be as thorough as possible in their prepping. 
Therefore, I suggest playing it safe and double the amount of water needed.  The extra water can be used for other purposes. Extra water that is stored can also be used if family members such as children or the elderly become dehydrated and need more water. 
Additionally, having an alternative source for water such as a water filter, frozen water in the freezer, and 5 gallon water containers is suggested.  In a disaster situation, a person does not want to run out of water.  Lakes and streams can also be a way to find water, but the water needs to be treated.   
In the case that someone is not near any running streams or lakes, there are places in nature where one can find alternative water sources.
Comparative shopping at the large volume supermarkets typically has better deals than at smaller shops.
Finding local ads from the large supermarket websites can save on fuel money as well as on shopping time. Even Pound shops sell canned goods and food products that would be good for short term/long term food supplies. 
Look for sales all the time and buy as much of the item as your budget will allow.
Using a food storage calculator will help determine how much food is necessary.  There are some considerations to keep in mind before purchasing the food items:
Expiration Dates – It’s best to find items that have expiration dates that are 1-2 years away from expiring, unless that item is used frequently in the home, and can be rotated frequently.
Items on Sale – Go for the deals.   
Typically, there are deals that are advertised in the newspaper.  You do not have to break the bank to get food items.  Just get a little each time you shop.  In season vegetables are typically cheaper.  Larger cans of goods generally have better deals.
The amount of people in the household.
A wide variety of food will help reduce food fatigue.
The serving amount in the food.
Vitamin content in the food.
Any special health considerations for family members.
Medical Supplies
Medical emergencies can occur at the drop of a hat, and having the necessary supplies can mean the difference between life and death.  When an emergency situation arises, one must act calming and decisively. 
In the case of a severe injury where there is a lot of blood loss, there must be supplies that can stop bleeding, cut the pain threshold and calm the patient if necessary. 
Find websites online that deal with first aid care and go through each injury to see what medical instruments and items are needed. 
Moreover, check in your community and see if the St. Johns Ambulance, Red Cross or Medical Centres offer classes to assist in medical emergencies.  Make a list for supplies that can be added to the disaster medical supplies. 
72 Hour Bags
In the case that a person has to evacuate, having a prepared 72 hour kit or bug out bag will expedite the process of leaving as well as keeping things running as smoothly as possible.  A 72 hour bag should have all items necessary to survive for 3 days.   
When preparing a bag keep the main surviving points is mind (water, food, shelter, clothing).  Having a separate bug out bag for the vehicle will also come in handy in the event that someone has to leave their home immediately.
Tools are a valuable commodity when it comes to survival.  Their usefulness for hunting, digging, cutting, communicating and for navigational purposes are all essential items to have on hand.  
Knives (to cut large machete type and a smaller hunter)
Camping shovels
Hammer or hatchet
Collapsible fishing rod with hooks, line, bobbers, etc.
Maps, compass or GPS devices (Having extra compasses ensures that navigation is accurate).
Rope (paracord),
Knife sharpening stone,
 Torch/s with extra batteries
Written Survival Notes
In a high stress situation that some are not used to, forgetfulness plays a part from dealing with all the changes that are occurring.  Having some manuals to look upon for survival information or for spiritual information to lift the morale is a good idea and does not take up much space in a pack.
Survival Manuals
First Aid Manuals
Survival e-books
Understanding how to survive in different scenarios requires one to constantly be learning in order to be as prepared as possible. 
Prepping is a passion for some.   
For others it is simply to keep their family as safe as possible.   
Whatever the reasoning is behind why you have decided to prep, you will be better off in the long run.
Nigel at has offered you dear listener 10% on all his products simply by using the code PREP10.
Bugging Out
When the situation around you is so bad that you have to leave, then go. The military referred to it as "Bugging Out". 
This can be a complete disaster all by itself, but a little prior planning will certainly help. There are three things that you should consider before going anywhere:
Where are you going?
How are you going to get there?
What will you do when you get there?
You should plan for the worst possible situation. If you live in a highly populated area the roads will be jammed up. The airlines may or may not be flying in or out of your area. 
Busses, trains and taxis will be full, if working. Walking may be dangerous. So what do you do?
Consider first: Stay at home. Bunker In. Everything you have is already there. You and your family know where everything is, and you are in an area you are familiar with. But are you safe staying at home? Is there a raging fire close by heading your way? Is there a flood? Terrorist threat or actual terrorist activity?
Is there a nuclear, biological or chemical problem in your area? 
Is the electricity and water still working? Are thugs running rampant? Is it summer or winter with lots of snow? Is there a wild elephant in the yard? You have to consider all the facts before you decide to bug out. If, after all this thinking, you still have to leave, what do you take with you?
Most travel today has to be by private vehicle. Even with the streets jammed with others trying to get away, it is still your best bet for getting out safely. If you haven't already done it, prepare an vehicle emergency kit.
This kit depends a lot on the size of your vehicle, and the number of people in your party. Here's a list of some items you may want to include in your own automobile emergency kit:
Extra fuel in an approved container.
Warm clothing for everyone in your party.
Maps of the area you are leaving/going to.
12 Volt tire inflation pump.
Spare tire... a real one.
Blankets, towels, pillows.
Roll of plastic sheeting or large plastic bags.
Torch with spare bulbs and batteries.
Fire extinguisher.
Small shelter or tent.
Small cooking set & charcoal briquettes.
Individualized personal non-perishable items.
Snow Chains for tires.
Folding shovel.
Tools for vehicle repair
Extra oil for engine and transmission
Change of clothing for everyone in your party.
1 Gallon of water per person in your party, per day. Plan on 3 days
Emergency food for up to 3 days without re-supply, preferably dehydrated types.
Books suitable for all members of your party.
A heavy knife, axe, or machete.
Weapons of choice.
All the above items, except the water, can be kept locked in your car all year long. Water can only be included when the outside temperatures will stay above freezing. A frozen water container will crack, and when it thaws will leak out all over your stuff. Space permitting, feel free to add any other items you think you will need.
The Best Place to go is the place you've already set up.
Where are you going? And for how long? If you can safely travel, try for a safe place the shortest distance away from your home that you can find.
Is it a hotel on the other side of town, or Grandma's house in another county? The shortest distance to safety gets you off the roads the quickest.
Did you make arrangements with a friend or relative, in advance, to use their home as a "bug out" location? Did you agree for him/her to come to your house if they have an emergency? You should have.
Consider the following when deciding WHERE to go:
Is the location you have pre-arranged under the same threat as you are? Floods and bad weather will cover huge areas, but forest fires are generally smaller in area.
Does the location you choose have all the facilities that you need in order to survive? Is their water and electricity still on, or is it questionable? Are hospitals available?
Can every member of your party agree to where you plan to go?
Is food and water available where you plan to go?
Is the shelter large enough to handle you, your party, and everyone else who may show up to use the same facility?
Is the area you pick in a relatively safe location, or will the situation later deteriorate and force you to pack up and move again?
Are you comfortable with your decision?
Once you've considered all the items above, and you've made your decision, it's time to pack up. Everyone in your party must know ahead of time how much space they will be allotted in your vehicle.
If you have a small car and someone shows up with a trunk full of clothes, you've got a problem. Like a ship at sea, if it's your car, you are the Captain. Your decisions stand...don't back down. Pack all the things you absolutely HAVE to have first. 
Then add all those "nice to have" items next. Don't forget important items.
PACKING CHECKLIST ("Need to Have" items)
The relevant maps with or without a sat nav
Medications for a 30-day supply. Prescriptions for refill, if necessary.
Glasses and spare glasses, sunglasses.
Warm clothing for cold weather, regardless of the time of year.
Extra shoes, belts, gloves, and hats.
Mobile phone/s and 12 volt charger.
At least one change of clothing each.
Extra shoes and shoelaces
Dental care items. Includes false teeth care.
List of names, addresses and telephone numbers for family, friends, co-workers   
Elderly care products, hearing aid batteries.
MONEY. As much as you can get. Hide it.
Female hygiene products.
Baby care items: nappies, food/milk mix, bottles, etc.
Personal hygiene items: Top of list: Toilet Paper
Laundry detergent, softeners, personal soap.
Lose change for vending machines and telephones.
Credit cards, ID cards, Insurance papers.
NHS card/number and National Insurance number
Handicapped persons - special equipment and supplies needed for daily life.
Any special item of apparel that anyone in your party needs to live day-to-day.
Everything else is on the "Nice to Have" list. There are just a few items that I include on my "Nice to Have" list. Most of them involve entertaining children. But, in planning for any trip, water, food, and shelter have to be considered:
WATER: The number one priority on your list of survival items. One gallon per person per day. There must be a means of refilling or re-supplying your water while you travel. If your travel is planned for 1 day...and the roads are may take 3 days.
You must have water to live. If the electricity is out all along your route, you will not be able to get either food or fuel. Most of the stores and restaurants on the route will be closed. 
Don't depend on someone else to help you...they're probably worse off than you are.
FOOD: Dehydrated food requires water to re-hydrate it so it can be eaten. Pre-plan what foods you ALL can eat, and add them to your car. Plan at least for 3 days’ worth of food.
You can live a long time without food, but only a short time without water. Do not take foods that are overly salty or make people thirsty. An ice chest of fresh fruit and sandwiches goes a long way.
Small children need milk, so don't forget that item.
Include some snacks to augment the above supply. Don't be afraid to have the same thing 3 days in a row. It's boring but it cuts down on buying supplies. If you include perishable food, you must eat it the first day out, or it will spoil.
The ice in even the best quality chest will eventually melt. (Melted ice = water.) You can wash using melted water from the ice's very "refreshing"...and cold.
Every car should already have an emergency first aid kit.  
There are many commercially available kits out there that have adequate supplies for up to 3 days, barring catastrophic accidents.
However, most kits only include enough plasters for one person, for 2 or 3 days. Consider buying extras and throwing them in the kit. 
You don't have a first aid kit...get one.
SHELTER: Shelter includes the time you are traveling as well as when you get there. Nobody can drive continuously for 3 days without relief. Eventually, you will have to stop, eat a meal, and sleep.
Hotels and motels may not be available. The roadside rest areas will already be full, if you're allowed in them at all. What to do? If you can find a friendly local in the area off the main road (particularly farmers), you can ask to camp on their property.
Be sure to assure them you will clean up your mess before you leave. You can even offer to pay them for their inconvenience. Private property is safer than public areas in a mass evacuation. But public campsites (parks, forests, etc.) may still be open.
OK: You've got your vehicle fully packed with everything you need to travel. You've counted heads, and everyone is present and ready to go. Are you ready? Not yet.
HOW TO GET THERE? The route of travel between two places in the UK is almost infinitely variable. . Remember there's a lot to think about on how you are going to travel to your destination:
Route Planning Considerations
Does your planned route avoid major populated areas? More people = more problems.
Are all the roads open?
How many drivers are available you trust?
Are there places available where you can reasonably expect to get water, fuel, and food?
Are the civil authorities still available to direct traffic and provide emergency services?
Is another route available, even if it's longer?
Are all the bridges and tunnels open?
Does this route avoid bad weather conditions, or take them into account?
Can this route safely be driven at night?
Can anyone unfamiliar with the route drive it while you are resting?
Does an alternative route offer better conditions and safety than the originally proposed route?
Are there safe areas within a reasonable drive that you can use for emergency sheltering, including camping overnight, if required?
Is driving time a planning factor?
Are mountains, or hazardous terrain a problem for your vehicle?
Can you safely get to "A" from "B"?
You made your decision, you're on the road. You left word with friends in the area you just left on where you were going, and how you plan to get there. You promise to keep others informed of departure and arrival times. 
You know someone will miss you if you don't show up in a reasonable time period. Your plan works perfectly, and now you have arrived where you were supposed to be.
Once at your destination, quickly evaluate the shelter arrangements. Is it too crowded? Is it safe or unsafe? Are there people there you don't trust? Evaluate everything.
If something doesn't "smell right", move on to another shelter? 
The last resort is to sleep on the side of the road or in the car park of a shopping centre.
Ask the local police if there is a safe place to park and sleep. You probably will not be allowed to cook over a campfire in the local shopping centre car park.
Putting tent pegs in concrete is very difficult too. But, assuming the current shelter will be OK, they next logical step is to ask "NOW WHAT?"...
You're alive and well. You have money and the tools to survive. Get on with your life. Post-Disaster Recovery is an entirely different problem.
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Highlander Trojan Hydration Pack – Multicam
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Tool logic Survival 11 Credit Card
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1 Person BASIC Backpack Survival Kit, the back pack that does it all
DD Hammock –The ultimate in Travel Hammocks
Elzetta ZFL-M60 Tactical Weapon-Grade LED Torch
Ultimate Adventurer Survival Kit everything in one kit
Adjustable Knife Lanyard Review
Handmade knives by James D. Sanders
Mini alarm Device with an Ultra bright White LED
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Live Fire Emergency Fire Starter
THE ultimate Emergency Survival Fishing Kit
Gerber Mini Remix - Drop Point, Fine Edge
The Mule Light
The BodyGard is the Rolls-Royce of keychain emergency tools. Its two essential (and life-saving) tools are its seat belt cutter and door glass breaker.

The BodyGard also includes a sonic alarm (to attract attention and ward-off a would-be attacker), LED flashlight, and distress flasher (a bright red flashing light).

The BodyGard is compact and smartly attaches to your keychain so it's within reach during an emergency. You owe it to yourself and to your family to carry a BodyGard.
The powermonkey explorer is not just for adventure travellers.  Compatible with the majority of smartphones including iPhone and BlackBerry, mobile phones, iPods, MP3 / MP4, PDAs and portable games consoles, the powermonkey explorer is a portable charger for your 5V devices - giving you 96 hours of standby on your mobile, 40 hours on your iPod, 5 hours on your games console, 48 hours on your PDA and 6 hours on MP3/MP4 players.
This is What Your Body Needs
Your body needs three basic types of nutrients to survive: Protein, Fats, and Carbohydrates. Now you can argue that you can live without carbs but it would be very difficult and unrealistic, as almost everything contains carbs.
There are a lot of foods out there that you can consider for food storage. An ideal item would be something that has a long shelf life, and something inexpensive.
You really can’t go wrong with most tinned foods. They’re typically pretty cheap, and ready to eat. You just have to make sure you buy enough and then it all comes down to how much money you have to spend. Food prepping isn’t cheap so spend wisely.
In my opinion it is good to have a wide variety of food storage items, but everyone at least needs to have things that are ready to eat and don’t require preparation.
Don’t get me wrong, having things like rice, flour, and barley are great to have, but you may not have the resources or time to cook and prepare your food. That’s where tinned foods come into their own.
I have compiled a list of some of the best and cheapest ready to eat survival foods.
Beans (any) – simple, extremely cheap, ready to eat, and provides all three essential nutrients.
Peanut Butter – delicious, packed with calories, an excellent source of fat and protein.
Oats – can be eaten raw, excellent source of carbs.
Noodles – can also be eaten raw, extremely cheap, good source of carbs.
Tinned Fruit (any) – delicious, good source of vitamins, doubles as a dessert.
Tinned Meat (any) – cheap, excellent source of protein, delicious.
Tinned Beef Stew – a complete meal in a can that’s ready to eat.
Honey – natural sweetener, calorie packed, gives you a quick boost of energy.
Powdered Milk – good source of protein, and sometimes you just need some milk.
Spaghetti (with meat) – complete meal, great for children and adults too.
These are all suggestions. You may not like some of these. I personally hate oats, but I buy them anyway because they are cheap and I’d rather eat them than starve.
You are listening to the UK preppers Radio network on KPRNDB-UK I’m your host Tom Linden
Lemons the Survival option
Most people are familiar with the traditional uses for lemons to soothe sore throats and add some citrus flavour to our foods.
However the diversity of applications for lemons far exceeds general knowledge and once you read the following list, you'll likely want to stock at least a few lemons in your kitchen 24-7.
Here are some uses for Lemons That Will Blow Your Socks Off
High Blood Pressure Lemon contains potassium which controls high blood pressure and reduces the effect of nausea and dizziness.
Mental Health Lemon water can also prep up your mood and relieve you from depression and stress. Long distance walkers and world travellers as well as explorers look upon the lemon as a Godsend. When fatigue begins, a lemon is sucked through a hole in the top. Quick acting medicine it is, giving almost unbelievable refreshments.
Respiratory Problems Lemon water can reduce phlegm; and can also help you breathe properly and aids a person suffering with asthma.
Treating Arthritis and Rheumatism Lemon is a diuretic - assists in the production of urine which helps you to reduce inflammation by flushing out toxins and bacteria while also giving you relief from arthritis and rheumatism.
Prevents Kidney Stones Regular consumption of the refreshing drink -- or even lemon juice mixed with water -- may increase the production of urinary citrate, a chemical in the urine that prevents the formation of crystals that may build up into kidney stones.
9. Keep Insects Out of your cooking area, you don’t need insecticides or ant traps to ant-proof your camp, just give it the lemon treatment.
First squirt some lemon juice on shelter thresholds and seating areas. Then squeeze lemon juice into any holes or cracks where the ants are.
Finally, scatter small slices of lemon peel around the camp. The ants will get the message that they aren’t welcome. Lemons are also effective against roaches and fleas: Simply mix the juice of 4 lemons (along with the rinds) with 1/2 gallon (2 litres) water and spray the camp with it; then watch the fleas and roaches flee. They hate the smell.
Treat Infections Lemon water can fight throat infections thanks to its antibacterial property. If salt water does not work for you, try lime and water for gargling.
Deodorize your rubbish If your rubbish is beginning to smell yucky, here’s an easy way to deodorize it: Save leftover lemon and orange peels and toss them at the base under the bag. To keep it smelling fresh, repeat once every couple of weeks.
Oral Health Lemon juice also stops bleeding gums and reduces toothaches
Cleanse Your Face Zap zits naturally by dabbing lemon juice on blackheads to draw them out during the day. You can also wash your face with lemon juice for a natural cleanse and exfoliation. Your skin should improve after several days of treatment. Lemon water is also a cooling agent, best way to beat the heat.
Treat Flaky Dandruff if itchy, scaly dandruff has you scratching your head, just massage two tablespoons lemon juice into your scalp and rinse with water. Then stir one teaspoon lemon juice into one cup water and rinse your hair with it. Repeat daily until your dandruff disappears.
Headaches Lemon juice with a few teaspoons of hot tea added is the treatment for those who suffer with hangover headaches--and from headaches due to many other causes.
Chills and fevers may be due to a variety of causes; never the less the lemon is always a helpful remedy. Spanish physicians regard it as an infallible friend.
Vaginal Hygiene Diluted lemon juice makes a safe and sane method of vaginal hygiene. Though it is a powerful antiseptic it is nevertheless free from irritating drugs.
Stomach Health Digestive problems are the most common ailments but warm water and lemon juice is the solution to most digestive problems. Lemon juice helps to purify the blood, reduces your chances of indigestion, constipation, eliminates toxins from the body, adds digestion and reduces phlegm.
Disinfect Cuts and Scrapes Stop bleeding and disinfect minor cuts and scrapes by pouring a few drops of lemon juice directly on the cut. You can also apply the juice with a cotton ball and hold firmly in place for one minute.
Soothe Poison Ivy Rash you won’t need an ocean of calamine lotion the next time poison ivy comes a-creeping. Just apply lemon juice directly to the affected area to soothe itching and alleviate the rash.
Reduce Asthma Symptoms In addition to a general detoxifying diet, 2 tablespoons of lemon juice before each meal, and before retiring can reduce asthma symptoms.
If you do consume lemon peel, stick to organic lemons to reduce your pesticide exposure.

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