Failing to Prepare is Preparing to fail

"Surviving to Fight means Fighting to Survive"

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Monday, 19 May 2014

Show Contents 19th May 2014

To WIN the prizes below all you have to do is guess the number of Sago Worms on the plate, then email you answer to
The three closest to the real number will win the prizes below, the nearest getting prize one, the second, prize two and the third prize three.
The prizes for the competition are as follows
1st Prize - 7 piece bush tucker banquet - with free UK shipping.
2nd Prize - 5 piece bush tucker banquet - with free UK shipping.
3rd Prize - 3 piece bush tucker banquet - with free UK shipping.
Prizes are supplied by and will be shipped by Peter at
The competition ends on Saturday the 24th May 2014 winners will be notified on Sunday 25th May 2014.

Show Notes
I start this week with the Bushcraft Show Press Release, Blizzard Survival 20% discount offer, Support these companies, Midimax 10% discount offer, THE ultimate Emergency Survival Fishing Kit, RIBZ 30% discount offer, UK Cross Bows, Wilderness121’s 10% discount offer, Prepping for Beginners, Buggrub 10% discount offer, Prepared for disaster, Field leisure’s 10% discount offer, More companies to support, Buggrub’s 10% discount offer, Signal Crayfish, The Humble Bandana, The Will to Survive - The Mental Challenge, Finding Food, Further companies to support, How to Prep Cost-Effectively, 4 Reasons to Add a Pellet Air Gun to Your Survival Gun Arsenal, Fire Starting with Cotton Wool and Vaseline, Fire Starting with Cotton Wool and Vaseline, wild Garlic.

My show is transmitted to 97 countries around the globe and that figure is growing weekly as new listeners join us and if you are new to the show, welcome.

 When: 24-26 May 2014
Where: Catton Hall, Derbyshire
The Bushcraft Show is set to enthral and entertain families and individuals of all ages in a celebration of all things bushcraft over the May Bank Holiday weekend.
Visitors are travelling from around the world to attend the most exciting, entertaining and educational bushcraft event of the year.
The show provides an all-inclusive experience that cannot be experienced anywhere else in the world…
Why? We have Massai Warriors from the Rift Valley Kenya who will entertain and teach you some of their Massai ways; from cultural dancing to native beadwork, find out if you have what it takes to be a Massai Warrior. CODY LUNDIN, co-host of Discovery Channel’s television series Dual Survival and author of 98.6 Degrees and When All Hell Breaks Loose is coming from the USA to teach his skills in a hands-on practical manner. Also coming over from the USA is DAVID SCOTT-DONELAN who is regarded as one of the world’s most effective and capable tracking instructors, sharing knowledge and experience gained over almost 50 years.
Very few people have the skills to match JOHAN SKULLMAN’S outdoor knowledge. As an officer in the Swedish Armed Forces, he has spent over 30 years in nature’s most unpredictable environments.
He is the author of classic books such as, Soldat I fält (Soldiers in the Field) and Vintersoldaten (Winter Soldier) that are still used in the Swedish Armed Forces. Today he works at Fjällräven as an equipment expert and test manager and he will be sharing his skills and expertise at the show.
John ‘Lofty’ Wiseman, author of The SAS Survival Handbook, says he wouldn’t miss coming to the
Bushcraft Show for the fourth year running! This survival expert led numerous operations including the SAS Counter-Terrorist Team that ended the Iranian Embassy siege in London and brought the SAS into the media spotlight, he also ran the SAS Survival School and trained the first members of the US
Green Berets who returned to the USA to form the famous Delta Force (US Special Forces).
We have the author and living legend of British canoeing RAY GOODWIN teaching you how-to pack a boat and the art of portage, hear his personal accounts of bushcraft on his inspirational canoe trips and wilderness journeys and you can even take a tuition session with him! Tracking Expert PERRY MCGEE, son of the late Eddie McGee author of No Need to Die, will be teaching you essential tracking skills on a variety of terrains. In addition, there are many leading bushcraft, wildlife, woodland craft and survival experts on hand at the show.
If that’s not enough you can experience numerous activities, demonstrations, talks and see a host of trade stands, specialist instructors, expert speakers and so much more... all in a wonderful setting, with like-minded folk. Whether you’re a bushcraft enthusiast, love the outdoors or simply want to learn more about this fascinating topic, there is something for everyone!
There’s plenty for the children to do - Stories from the Wild Man of the Woods, Birds of Prey, Craft
Activities, Woodland Games, Low Ropes Course, Weaving and Whittling, Knife Safety classes and much more...
You will be able to track animals in the woodland and find their prints and signs without disturbing the animals, learn about all types of plants and wildlife with one of the many bushcraft experts, see a wonder of nature as a Land Rover is pulled by blades of grass! There are activities running throughout the whole weekend and with most of them included in the price of your ticket, it really is great value for money!
Hold the world’s most extreme animals in your hands, cuddle a cockroach, snuggle up to a snake and tame a tarantula, there’s Open Canoeing, Archery, Axe Throwing, Campfire Cookery,
Tracking, Fire lighting, Star Gazing and Storytelling. And, that’s not all 4X4, Raku Pottery Firing,
Whittling Sessions, Campfire Music, Wilderness First Aid, Bushcraft Career Advice, Expedition
Preparation, Competitions, Rifle Shooting, Flint Knapping, Game Preparation, Woodland Crafts and so much more! Add to this delicious locally sourced food, local ales, evening entertainment in the Tipi’s and an evening campfire surrounded by newfound friends.
“We just can’t wait!” says Simon Ellar show organiser, "We have created a show that cannot be experienced anywhere else, with such talented and skilled outdoors people gathered together in one place to learn from one another and most importantly, have fun!
We specifically placed the show in the half-term week to open up the event to families. As a father of four, it is important to me that the show includes as many children’s activities as possible to encourage children to learn new bushcraft skills and increase their love of the outdoors, moving them away from indoor activities which usually involve technology."
The Bushcraft Show this year has a new location at the stunning and privately owned Catton Hall
Estate, ideally situated in the centre of England, in Walton upon Trent, Derbyshire. The 250 acre Estate has been owned by the same family for over 600 years and is perfectly laid out for The Bushcraft Show 2014, having a 10 hectare Showground and Campsite surrounded by a lovely deciduous woodland with the River Mease to one side and exclusive access to an exquisite lake and the River Trent.
The show is sponsored by a select number of outdoor companies whose support helps to make the show a great success, our thanks to this year’s sponsors; Woodland Ways, 1948 Original Equipment,
Nordic Outdoor, BG Craghoppers and Bushcraft & Survival Skills Magazine.
With only three days to try all the activities at the show, it is set to be a fun-filled weekend full of adventure and discovery!
Information about The Bushcraft Show – including: tickets, prices, timetables, accommodation, the full entertainment programme and details of the wonderful location are available at: or call 0333 4567 123 (option 2)
3. The Bushcraft Show is run by Bushcraft & Survival Skills Magazine
Blizzard Survival 20% Discount Offer
Blizzard Survival .com have a fantastic offer for you the listener they are offering  a 20% discount on all goods bought from them at
The Ultimate in Lightweight Thermal Protection.
The Blizzard Survival Brand incorporating Reflexcell™ material has become the new standard wherever thermal performance in a lightweight compact package is essential - for military use, casualty care, emergency preparedness, disaster relief, personal survival, outdoor activities...and more.
Reflexcell™ products are totally unique: weight-for-weight far warmer than goose down, yet 100% weatherproof, tough, ultra-portable and re-usable.
Life-saving technology has never been so affordable.
All you have to do to get a 20% discount is enter the code “PREPPER” at the checkout, it is that simple. Thank you Blizzard
If you are looking for some new kit then please Support these Companies
The following companies have supported this station and I will support them they are:
You will never need to boil water again
For I-shields UV Protection
For top quality 550 Paracord
For Survival Knives and Survival Kits
For the Nano Striker fire starter
For tasty MX3 Meals
The Lifesaver bottle
For the Knot Bone Lacelock
For the Wild and Edible Nutrition E Book
Browning Night Seeker Cap Light RGB
Multi lite Multi-tool
For the Ghillie Kettle
For the Blackbird SK-5 or his handmade leather sheaths
For the Farside Outdoor Meals
The Survivor knife
For the Chris Caine companion survival tool
Day Ration Pack
Vango Storm Shelter 400
myFC PowerTrekk
It runs on water, it really does
The Paper Shower
The Life Straw
Edible Bugs
You are listening to the UK preppers Radio network on KPRNDB-UK I’m your host Tom Linden
Ken at is offering 10% off any product by using the code Midi10 they offer all types of great knives, survival gear, camping equipment, torches and loads, loads more check out
THE ultimate Emergency Survival Fishing Kit
I have a great letter to read to you from Mal Vango the General Manager at Survival Supplies UK.
He writes:- A few years of angling when I was younger told me that I’d be lucky to catch anything with most of the fishing kits on the market unless I was very lucky or plopped my hook and line into a particularly rich source of fish.
“I talked to friends who were very keen anglers, I planned, purchased and built the best kit I could build at the most reasonable price I could. It was no mean feat to negotiate the best prices, but I eventually put together a kit for under twenty quid that I felt would catch fish. I tested it and, sure enough, it caught me enough fish that I could live on.
I gave my experimental kits to angler friends who also managed to catch fish with the gear. The final test was to give kits to friends who had never fished in their lives … and they caught fish. I was satisfied and launched the kit on EBAY. The lit sold and the feedback was great (just take a look at the genuine comments on THE ultimate Emergency Survival Fishing Kit).
One or two people made suggestions about how it could be improved and I incorporated them. The kit contains equipment you won’t find in any other fishing kit … yet! No other kit contains a Trot Line or as many weights hooks and extras.”
I have to say Mal that this really is one hell of a kit, it is not only very comprehensive in its contents, it is very well constructed with its eleven individually sealable compartments full of everything that you need to catch fish, but on the box there are very useful hints and tips front and back. Attached to the kit in a 100% water proof pouch is an A4 folded sheet containing Equipment notes, The best places to look for fish, Bait information, Examples of how to tie fishing knots, How to build a Trot Line, How to gut and clean fish, Cooking fish and much more.
For this sort of money I expected a kit with a few of the usual fishing items, you know line, hooks, and weights perhaps a float and not much more.
In fact I was initially totally taken aback with this kits quality and I can clearly see that it was designed with a great deal of thought and effort by someone who wants to provide only the very best products he can.
Mal mentions in his letter that the kit contains equipment you won’t find in other kits well I agree Mal, as I have never seen such a range of artificial baits and lures in any kit let alone one of this size.
But you have cracked it mate with the inclusion of a fishing net, and key ring led, snare wire, light anywhere matches, button compass, light sticks, eye hooks, disgorger, and more, and more, and more very well thought out items.
Although I have not yet fished with this kit I really felt that you should know about it first. I will soon be reviewing the THE ultimate Emergency Survival Fishing Kit and I can’t wait to catch my tea.
You can get one for yourself at
A front pack is a pack or bag that allows for access of equipment from the persons chest. Front packs first and foremost allow for easy access of gear without the removal of any equipment.
In many adventure outdoor activities it can be critical to the sport to have the ability to reach essential gear fast without the removal of a backpack. Simplicity is the foremost purpose of the front pack but there are many additional benefits as well.
Weight distribution and balance is a key element in the utility of the front pack. Shifting weight forward in situations when carrying heavy loads can be critical to the comfort and balance of an individual.
Backpacking is where in many situations it is critical to both minimize and maximize the contents of your load for a longer or lighter duration of stay. The ability to move small amounts of weight to the frontal region significantly reduces overall stress on a person’s shoulders and back.
In all there are unlimited uses for the front pack. Front packs are the best compliment to any outdoorsman’s gear when accessibility, functionality, mobility and simplicity are required. From horseback riding, long distance biking, motorcycling and kayaking.
All activities where fast and easy access of gear is essential, a front pack is your best solution and as you can imagine it is going down a storm within the prepping and survivalist community. Your summer code is "TRAILBLAZE" and can be used in the coupon section within the Store.
UK Cross Bows
It is an offence for a person under 18 years of age to have in their possession
A crossbow which is capable of discharging a missile, Or Parts of a crossbow which together (and without any other parts) can be assembled to form a crossbow capable of discharging a missile
UNLESS the person is under supervision of someone who is who is 21 years of age or older.
This is an ancient weapon whose origins date back to the ancient Greeks in the 4th century BC.
The modern crossbow is the UK's fastest projectile firing weapon without the need for a licence, is deadly accurate at 40 yards and is popular for target shooting.
In York it is perfectly legal to shoot a Scotsman with a crossbow upon seeing one, except for on Sundays. However any Scotsman caught drunk or with a weapon can still be shot on a Sunday, except with a bow and arrow.
Similarly in Chester it is legal to shoot a Welsh person with a crossbow, as long as it is within the city walls and is done after midnight.
I have the 175lb Jaguar Crossbow Rifle from
With 175lb draw weight this bow will launch a bolt at a blistering 245 FPS and is the most powerful recurve crossbow in their range.
Draw Weight: 175 lbs
Limb: Compression Moulded Fibreglass
Barrel : Aluminium Alloy
Stock : Camo Wood
Velocity : 245 fps
Included with the crossbow
  • 4 x 17" bolts
  • Stringing aid
  • Bow wax
  • Open sights
  • Foot stirrup
  • All tools required for assembly
The bow is supplied with open sights but optical sights (scope or red dot) can be fitted to the 20mm weaver rail.
Due to the high power of this crossbow they only recommend using 16" bolts or longer.
A hard hitting crossbow that's real value for money
Armex crossbows have a reputation for producing unbeatable crossbows at prices that provide real value for money, quality and reliability.

This superb Armex 'Jaguar' recurve crossbow is ideal for hunting and comes complete with everything you require for a great day crossbow hunting this advanced starter set includes four aluminium 17" Armex Trueflight bolts, bolt quiver, weaver rail and padded back sling.
Loading is made easier with an integral foot pull making loading quick and efficient.

It is important to remember that with a 175lb draw weight this crossbow is very powerful and not for the faint hearted and as with all Armex crossbows the attention to detail ensures outstanding results at an entry level price.

To ensure you get the best out of your crossbow experience this 175lb recurve has an aluminium body making it light, strong, powerful and extremely comfortable to hold. At 175lbs it delivers quite a punch and bolts can reach up to 245 feet per second with an impressive accuracy of up to 85 yards.

4 Aluminium Bolts, 210/245 FPS, 12" Power Stroke, 4.84lb Weight, 35.25" Length, 26" Axle-Axle, Durable Fiberglass Limb, Aluminium Barrel.

How to use a crossbow
Crossbows are powerful weapons that have been used for centuries. Using a crossbow is considered simpler than using a bow since the crossbow mechanism allows the weapon to be aimed much like a rifle. Learning to use a crossbow does require simple preparation whilst observing safety precautions.

General guidelines
To start using the crossbow, first draw the string up until it is locked in to the firing position. Larger crossbows use a cocking rope or a cocking mechanism since the string requires a great deal of force to pull back. A pistol-style one handed crossbow can be cocked more easily as some models have cocking levers integrated within the design.

Once the crossbow has been cocked, check the locking mechanism to be certain the string is secure. Remember, a cocked crossbow has a great deal of force, even unloaded. Crossbows do not use arrows; they use bolts and each bolt must be seated properly for safety and to fly true.

Although a crossbow can shoot a bolt over 100 yards it is more common for shots to be taken within a distance of 20 yards. Aiming a crossbow is the same as sighting techniques used to aim a rifle whilst compensating for wind, distance and general conditions.

Try not to pull on the trigger harshly; simply squeeze the trigger gently whilst maintaining a steady breathing rhythm, this may take some time to perform correctly. The bolt leaves the crossbow at incredible speeds and with great force, so be certain of the shot before taking it and try to avoid areas where the bolt maybe lost.

We recommend using a straight tip bolt for target practice and pointed tips for hunting, bolts with extreme hunting tips may penetrate the target too deeply.
Wilderness121’s 10% discount
The new supplier of Purificup to the UK is Wilderness121 and they really mean business, having spoken to the director Rob Williams he has agreed to offer you dear listener a 10% discount just by putting the letters UKPRN into the code box it is that simple.
Now pop along to and check out their great range of survival related products.
Prepping for Beginners
As humans, we are naturally aware of possible threats around us, and often the way a person neutralizes that threat is to create a story of the worst case scenario and begin to prep around that.
Becoming a person who preps for disasters begins with a level of awareness.  A prepper knows that there are possible threats, and it only makes sense to be as prepared as possible beginning with the basic disaster items to sustain basic needs (food, water, clothing and shelter) and then adding more preparedness layers onto it.
Basic disaster items are intended to sustain a person and their family for 3-5 days.  However, many decide to expand their disaster supplies to encompass a longer duration in the case that emergency response is delayed.  This is why preppers believe in having “back-ups for their back-ups.”
Getting Started
When preparing for a disaster, it is essential to have provisions in place to secure your needs.  That being said, beginning a food supply must begin with research.  Finding out how many calories a person needs per day in order to survive, and knowing how much food to store is essential when beginning to prepare. 
Additionally, going to survival/prepping forums to read about what others are doing is another way of finding more research.  Preppers are very open to helping others who want to prepare.  We have all been at the beginning stage of preparing, and it can be overwhelming at first, but the overall goal is to get people prepared.
When beginning to get preparations in place, concentrate of the basic needs of survival: water, food, shelter, clothing and move on from there.  Below are some basic suggestions on items that would be ideal to have in the home:
It is suggested to have 1 gallon of water per person/per day.  Having a 3 day supply of water on hand is a great place to start.  However, many preppers like to be as thorough as possible in their prepping.
Therefore, I suggest playing it safe and double the amount of water needed.  The extra water can be used for other purposes. Extra water that is stored can also be used if family members such as children or the elderly become dehydrated and need more water.
Additionally, having an alternative source for water such as a water filter, frozen water in the freezer, and 5 gallon water containers is suggested.  In a disaster situation, a person does not want to run out of water.  Lakes and streams can also be a way to find water, but the water needs to be treated.  
In the case that someone is not near any running streams or lakes, there are places in nature where one can find alternative water sources.
Comparative shopping at the large volume supermarkets typically has better deals than at smaller shops.
Finding local ads from the large supermarket websites can save on fuel money as well as on shopping time. Even Pound shops sell canned goods and food products that would be good for short term/long term food supplies.
Look for sales all the time and buy as much of the item as your budget will allow.
Using a food storage calculator will help determine how much food is necessary.  There are some considerations to keep in mind before purchasing the food items:
Expiration Dates – It’s best to find items that have expiration dates that are 1-2 years away from expiring, unless that item is used frequently in the home, and can be rotated frequently.
Try to always go for the deals and special offers
Typically, there are deals that are advertised in the newspaper.  You do not have to break the bank to get food items.  Just get a little each time you shop. In season vegetables are typically cheaper.  Larger tins of foods generally have better deals.
Don’t forget to consider the amount of people in the household and remember that a wide variety of food will help stopping you getting bored with your food and you should also think about the serving size in the food. Finally plan for a vitamin content in the food and any special health considerations for family members.
Medical Supplies
Medical emergencies can occur at the drop of a hat, and having the necessary supplies can mean the difference between life and death.  When an emergency situation arises, one must act calming and decisively.
In the case of a severe injury where there is a lot of blood loss, there must be supplies that can stop bleeding, cut the pain threshold and calm the patient if necessary.
Find websites online that deal with first aid care and go through each injury to see what medical instruments and items are needed. Download a free First Aid manual at
Moreover, check in your community and see if the St. Johns Ambulance, Red Cross or Medical Centres offer classes to assist in medical emergencies.  Make a list for supplies that can be added to the disaster medical supplies.
72 Hour Bags
In the case that a person has to evacuate, having a prepared 72 hour kit or bug out bag will expedite the process of leaving as well as keeping things running as smoothly as possible.  A 72 hour bag should have all items necessary to survive for 3 days.  
When preparing a bag keep the main surviving points is mind (water, food, shelter, clothing).  Having a separate bug out bag for the vehicle will also come in handy in the event that someone has to leave their home immediately.
Tools are a valuable commodity when it comes to survival.  Their usefulness for hunting, digging, cutting, communicating and for navigational purposes are all essential items to have on hand. 
Knives (to cut large machete type and a smaller hunter)
Camping shovels
Hammer or hatchet
Collapsible fishing rod with hooks, line, bobbers, etc.
Maps, compass or GPS devices (Having extra compasses ensures that navigation is accurate).
Rope (paracord),
Knife sharpening stone,
Torch/s with extra batteries
Written Survival Notes
In a high stress situation that some are not used to, forgetfulness plays a part from dealing with all the changes that are occurring.  Having some manuals to look upon for survival information or for spiritual information to lift the morale is a good idea and does not take up much space in a pack.
Survival Manuals
First Aid Manuals
Survival e-books
Understanding how to survive in different scenarios requires one to constantly be learning in order to be as prepared as possible. 
Prepping is a passion for some.  
For others it is simply to keep their family as safe as possible.  
Whatever the reasoning is behind why you have decided to prep, you will be better off in the long run.
Buggrub 10% discount
Peter at buggrub is not only sponsoring the competition on my website he is also offering a 10% discount on all his products. So have you got the gonads, can you walk the walk, dare you, I dear you to buy some buggrub and then eat it, go on I dare you. Peter’s website is
Prepared for Disaster
Are you prepared for a disaster that could affect the daily function of your life or the lives of your family members? Or do you even believe a disaster will ever affect you?
Blizzards, floods, power cuts, and who knows what else happens all the time. Still, most of us ignore the warnings. "It can't happen here," some say. "The government will take care of me if it does," others think.
But not only do they happen, they can happen to you. And when they do, you will be on your own. The recent UK flooding events have proved this. Look at the total disruption of transportation when it snows for example. 
This was followed by the immediate and complete paralysis of air transportation at major international airports. Thousands were stranded for days on their own in strange cities.
As serious as these events were, they pale in comparison to the possibilities. Consider a major biological or nuclear attack or accident. Hundreds of thousands of casualties are predicted in some scenarios.
These disasters or attacks would overwhelm local, regional, and national emergency resources and cause widespread panic. Transportation would stop, markets would be stripped of food within hours, essential emergency services would be overwhelmed, and food, medical supplies, and emergency service workers would be sent to the disaster area, leaving critical shortages in local areas.
Are you prepared?
Now, more than ever, you need to prepare for the possibility of disasters or attacks on a scale and type never before imagined. It is your duty to yourself, your family, and your country to be prepared.
Some of us need to be prepared for being at "ground zero." Certain areas are the most likely direct targets of terrorists or natural disasters. All of us need to be prepared to be indirect targets, those affected by the temporary collapse of our nation's infrastructure.
In short, we all need to be able to live self-sufficiently for a period of time.
What to prepare for will depend on your geographical area. Natural disasters and the risk of major terrorist attacks vary by where you live. The first thing you need to do is make a list of the possible disasters for which you need to prepare.
Some of the things you will want to consider include natural disasters, such as blizzards, floods, and even wild fires, as well as technological disasters, such as nuclear, biological, chemical (NBC) attacks, and hazardous material accidents.
Don't forget cyber-attacks, the possibility that an enemy could attack our computer systems, shutting down electrical, gas, communications, transportation, and emergency and medical services. What about attacks on our farms and agricultural processing plants? While they would likely affect only a small number of people directly, they would completely shut down food production and distribution systems.
While there are many things to plan for, your response to all of them is one of two things: stay at home or evacuate. For blizzards, earthquakes, cyber-attacks, nuclear fallout, quarantine after biological attacks, and collapse of the infrastructure, you will want to stay at home. 
For floods, hurricanes, or with some advance notice of NBC attacks, evacuation may be your course of action.
Whenever possible, staying at home in your own environment and with your own emergency supplies is the best choice. 
When you evacuate, you are essentially a refugee at the mercy of government evacuation centres or the compassion of the local population.
In a major disaster, don't expect to be welcomed by the locals who are struggling with their own survival.
In all situations, you will need to be able to think for yourself. Confusion always accompanies a major disaster and initial information and instructions may be conflicting and incorrect.
So, monitor the radio and television for official instructions on what to do, such as whether to evacuate or not, but don't assume they are correct. Make your own decisions based on your plans and preparation.
Riding it out at home
Key to your survival is preparing a disaster supplies kit, essentially the stockpiling of all materials that you would need to live on if you are cut off from outside utilities, water, and supplies. Once a disaster occurs, there won't be time and materials may not be available.
How long you will need to be self-sufficient is hard to say. My advice would be that everyone store enough food, water, and supplies to take care of their family for three days.
Preparing a "72-hour kit" is a good idea. It can be used for immediate evacuation and part of your overall disaster supply kit. Place items in a portable, easy-to-carry container, such as a large plastic box or duffel bag, ready to grab at a moment's notice.
But, is it enough? A blizzard, earthquake, quarantine, or nuclear fallout could confine you for much longer. You need to be able to take care of all the needs for your family for a period of at least two weeks and possibly longer. 
Having supplies for one to three months is not all that unreasonable or hard to accomplish.
There are six basics that should be part of your home disaster supplies kit: water, food, first aid supplies, tools and emergency supplies, clothing and bedding, and special needs items.
Tools and emergency supplies Tools and emergency supplies should include such things as battery-operated radio and flashlights with extra batteries, cups/plates/utensils, non-electric can opener, matches, lantern, fire extinguisher, hand tools for repairs and to turn off household water and gas, a whistle, and plastic sheeting. 
For sanitation, include toilet paper, soap, toothpaste, personal hygiene items, disinfectant, and household chlorine bleach. Many more items can be added. 
Think through the things you use on a daily basis.
Clothing and bedding Clothing and bedding would include a change of clothing and footwear for everyone in the household, rain gear, cold weather clothes, hat and gloves, and blankets or sleeping bags. Remember, a house or car can get very cold without heat. 
Prepare for the worst weather that you might encounter.
Store your disaster supply kit in a convenient place that is known to all family members and make sure they know your family's disaster plan. Evaluate your kit once a year and update it according to family needs.
You may not have much time to prepare when you need to evacuate. A hazardous materials spill could mean instant evacuation, so always have a smaller version of your home disaster supply kit in the boot of your car.
When you have advance warning of an evacuation, bring your portable "72-hour" disaster supply kit, along with additional food, water, and clothing. Keep important family documents in a waterproof, portable container, ready to bring with you in an evacuation.
These may include your will, insurance policies, contracts, deeds, stocks and bonds, passports, social security card, bank and credit account numbers, family documents (birth, marriage, and death certificates), inventory of valuable household items, and important telephone numbers.
It would be a good idea to always keep some cash in this container, so you have it for an emergency. If there is time, valuable family heirlooms or photographs can be added.
Now that you have a basic plan for any emergency, let's consider plans for some specific risks.
Nuclear attack/accident
A nuclear disaster could result from an accident at a nuclear power plant, a detonation of a nuclear device by terrorists or a rogue nation, or an explosion of a "dirty" bomb, an explosive surrounded by radioactive material. Individuals at "ground zero" will have little chance of survival.  
The risk for others is the exposure to radiation.
Radiation is dangerous because of harmful effects on the body. In large amounts, radiation can cause radiation sickness, thyroid and other cancers, and death.
These effects are greater the longer a person is exposed to the radiation and the closer the person is to the source. If radiation is released into the atmosphere, it can travel for thousands of miles, contaminating the ground and living organisms as it settles back to earth on dust or rain.  
This is called fallout radiation.
Time, distance, and shielding are the factors that minimize exposure to nuclear radiation. Most radiation loses its strength fairly rapidly, but it is important to limit the amount of time spent near the radiation source.
The farther away an individual is from the radiation source, the less exposure. Shielding is a barrier between an individual and the radiation.
Concrete, earth, and structures are good shields. Depending on the distance from the source, the best protection from radiation fallout may be to remain indoors.
After a nuclear disaster you may be advised to evacuate. If so, remain calm, pack your evacuation survival kit in your vehicle, and follow the evacuation routes out of the area. If there is time before leaving, close and lock windows of your house, close fireplace dampers, turn off air conditioning, vents, fans, and furnace.
Doing these things will make your house safer when you return by minimizing exposure to the inside of your house to fallout.
If you are advised to remain at home, bring pets inside, secure your house from fallout by closing and locking doors and windows, closing fireplace dampers, turning off air conditioning, vents and fans.
If your emergency supplies are stored in a garage or barn, bring them inside and, if there is time, store additional water in tubs, sinks, and available containers. Inside the house, the safest area is a basement or underground area, followed by an interior room with no windows.
Stay inside until authorities say it is safe to go outside. When coming in from the outdoors after exposure to fallout, shower and change clothes and shoes. Put the contaminated items that were worn outside in a plastic bag and seal it.
Open water sources (streams, creeks and lakes), fruits and vegetables from outdoor gardens, and livestock will all be contaminated. Do not eat or drink products from these until you know it is safe.
Very few people were actually infected in the anthrax attacks in the USA after 911 because it took direct physical contact with the bacteria to develop the disease. Other biological agents are contagious (passed from person to person), however, and are much more dangerous.
Biological agents are microorganisms (bacteria or viruses) or toxins that produce diseases in humans. The Centre for Disease Control (CDC) lists 17 biological agents that may be used as weapons, including anthrax, smallpox, plague, and botulism. They are not immediately detectable, may take days to grow and spread, and it is impossible to know when an attack occurs. While preparations are being made for defence against such attacks, nobody really knows what to expect.
Fortunately, most of these biological agents are hard to make into weapons. Worst-case scenarios, such as suicide terrorists infected with smallpox traveling through metropolitan areas, are staggering, however.  
Thousands of victims would overwhelm medical services and die.
Likely? Hopefully not, but who knows? Those at "ground zero" who are infected will need professional medical help.
With air travel, people will spread the disease all over the country before we even know an attack occurred. The rest of the country will shut down as soon as authorities realize what happened.
Expect widespread closure of the country and mandatory quarantines. Transportation, food, and vital services will stop. Plan to stay at home if advised or ordered and avoid exposure with outsiders who may carry disease. 
Your stockpile of food and supplies should get you through this disaster. You may want to have some medical-type masks and gloves on hand.
Should you stockpile antibiotics in preparation for such attacks? Authorities say no and this may be practical advice. 
A large number of different types and amounts of antibiotics would need to be stored to protect your family against all likely biological weapons.
Many of the diseases are viruses, not treatable with antibiotics, and those treatable by antibiotics might be altered to make them resistant to available antibiotics. Besides, you will need professional medical care if you are exposed.

Chemical terrorism and hazardous spills

Chemical agents are gases, liquids, or solids that are poisonous to humans. Depending on the type and amount of the material, exposure to chemical agents can cause illness or be fatal.
Chemical agents include chlorine or ammonia gases that are transported on trains daily, other hazardous industrial chemicals, and chemical warfare agents, such as nerve agents, blister agents, blood poisons, and others.  
The CDC lists 58 known chemical warfare agents.
Some nerve agents, such as Sarin, used in the attack in Japan, kill quickly. If you are at "ground zero" in such situations your only chance is to evacuate immediately.
A hazardous materials spill is probably more likely than a terrorist chemical attack. For gases and other chemicals that spread in the air, evacuation to avoid exposure is critical.
Leave the area as soon as you are aware of the incident. Full face respirators (gas masks) may be useful for escape in such situations. Buy good quality, new masks designed for industrial or rescue use, not army surplus masks.
Natural disasters
Natural disasters are somewhat easier to prepare for—you either get out of their way (evacuate) or you protect yourself indoors.
In floods Sandbag doors and windows, move furniture and other items to higher ground, and evacuate if necessary. Do not drive or walk through flood waters and stay off bridges when they are covered with water.
Be prepared
Bad weather Preparation should include boarding up windows and flood-proofing your home. Bring in outside furniture, bicycles, and rubbish bins. Listen to recommendations of emergency officials and evacuate if advised. If not advised to evacuate, stay indoors and away from windows.
Blizzards Stay indoors and use the telephone only for life-threatening emergencies. Use fires safely and properly ventilate. It there is no heat, cover windows, close off un-needed rooms, and stuff towels in cracks under doors.
Wear layers of warm clothing. Eat and drink plenty. Food generates body heat and water helps circulation to keep the skin warm.
It is important to know what to do and have a plan before a disaster strikes. The internet can provide additional information for preparing for and dealing with natural disasters and terrorist attacks. 
Consider your risks, develop a plan, prepare your disaster supplies kit, and discuss with your family what to do in case of an emergency.
Remember, the future belongs to those who prepare. You must be ready before disaster strikes.
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Signal Crayfish
Crayfish are freshwater crustaceans related to lobsters, and there are two main species in UK - the native white-clawed crayfish and the non-native American signal crayfish which was introduced to Britain in the 1970s via crayfish farms, and subsequently escaped.
There are a few other introduced species of crayfish, but they are not very widespread. They are called signal crayfish because the underside of their claws are bright red, making them easy to identify.
Signal crayfish can be up to 25cm long with claws extended. If you're not sure whether what you're looking at is a signal crayfish or a native crayfish, look for the red claws - a sure sign that you're looking at a signal crayfish.
Trapping crayfish for food in the UK only involves the signal crayfish. The native crayfish is now becoming rare.

They live on the beds of streams and rivers and are carnivorous, eating mainly dead creatures.
The signal crayfish can walk overland to establish itself in new waterways, and is now widespread throughout Britain.
 So what are the benefits?
First - getting food from the wild is always a good idea from an environmental perspective (unless we deplete the resource – but this isn't an issue here.
Wild food requires no pesticides, fertilisers, hormones or genetic modification - in fact, no ecological interference at all.

The second benefit is in reducing their numbers. The American crayfish is causing problems for both the native crayfish and for British waterways. Signal crayfish outcompete native crayfish because they are bigger, their eggs hatch earlier in the year, females lay up to 500 eggs (the native crayfish lays around 200), and they are less fussy about what they eat.
Also, the signal crayfish carries a fungal disease commonly called the crayfish plague that kills the native crayfish (it’s not at all harmful to humans though).
Also, American crayfish burrow into the banks of rivers and streams to build their homes, causing erosion of the river banks.
So what can I do?
Well you need a licence to keep or catch crayfish in this country - see the DEFRA website - in case they escape into the wild. If you're thinking of farming crayfish, ponds now have to be indoors and escape-proof.
However I am assuming that you're not going to keep them, you're just going to catch them from the wild. Don't put any crayfish you've caught into ponds or other bodies of water temporarily, as they could escape and colonise an area that doesn't have them.
So what about trapping crayfish
There are bylaws covering the trapping of crayfish, and what you can do depends on local circumstances - especially if there are native crayfish in your area. Contact the Environment Agency to ask about your local circumstances, or you can get a crayfish trapping advice pack from the National Fisheries Laboratory on 01480 483968. You will need Environment Agency tags on your trap for it to be legal.

The Environment Agency's concerns are that if people are allowed to catch crayfish for food, they will be sold to the restaurant trade, and because there is money to be made, some people might 'seed' rivers and streams that don't have signal crayfish, so that they can be harvested in the future.

Depending on whether the Environment Agency allow it in your area, you can make your own trap. You can make a cylinder with chicken wire, up to a metre long, and bend the ends over to form a cone that crayfish can climb into but not out of. You can do the same with willow (see photo). Trapping crayfish is a summer activity, of course. In winter, they will be hibernating in the river banks.

The trap shouldn't have an entrance of more than 95mm, because if there are otters in the area, they could get caught.

Bait the trap with something tasty for crayfish (like a fish-head), plus a brick to weigh it down, then put it into a stream you suspect has crayfish.

Check the next day. Anything other than signal crayfish, let go, and don't leave a trap in a watercourse for more than 24 hours, in case something other than a crayfish gets trapped in it. Let any native crayfish go if you've caught any.
But if you catch small signal crayfish, don’t put them back (in fact it is illegal to put them back, once caught). Signal crayfish are cannibals, and if you remove only big ones, there will be nothing to keep the numbers of small ones down.
The Environment Agency in Scotland have urged fishermen to kill signal crayfish on sight.

Take them out of the trap (keep fingers away from their pincers), and keep them in tubs of tap water for a couple of days to purge them of any food in their intestines.
The best bit is cooking crayfish
Boil a large pan of water and tip them in - they are killed instantly.
Simmer for around 3 minutes, then turn off the heat and leave in the water for another 2 minutes.
They turn pink when they are cooked, and look like mini-lobsters (which they are).
The edible parts are the tail and the claws.

Pull and separate the head and tail. Pull off the legs, then grab the end of the flesh sticking out of the tail casing and pull. Sometimes there will be pink eggs - you can eat those too. But give it a bit of a rinse to get rid of all traces of intestines and food.

Then put the claws on a hard surface and hit sharply with the back of a knife to crack them open. Grab the end of the flesh and pull it out of the claw.

You can serve with rice, toast, mayonnaise and/or any number of sauces. It looks and tastes a bit like prawn. There are plenty of recipes out there.

For a meal for one person, you'd probably need the meat of 5 crayfish. If the crayfish are present in that stretch of water, you can easily catch 10 in a trap each time.
The Humble Bandana
There are many items we find on bug out bag lists and survival gear lists.
As preppers and survivalists, we must insure that we have more than just one use for an item when it comes to our survival. So what can a bandana be used for? Well you can of course use it to cover your head, however there are loads of uses for the humble bandana.
1. A Dust Mask
2. Sweat Rag
3. Add Water to Use as a Cooling Cloth
4. Self Defence (just roll up a rock or roll of coins in it)
5. Signal Flag (a bright colour is preferable)
6. Crude Water Filter
7. Pot Holder for Cooking
8. Dish Cloth
9. Collection Basket for Wild Edibles
10. Sun protection for exposed skin
11. Scarf for Cold Water
12. Bandage
13. Tourniquet
14. Handkerchief
15. Sling (for broken bones)
16. Sling (as a weapon)
17. Cordage (through tearing into strips)
18. Pouch or Small Bag
19. Cleaning Patches for a Firearm
20. Gun Wipe Cloth
21. Bullet Patches for a Muzzleloader
22. Char Cloth
23. Emergency Toilet Paper
24. Nappy
25. Dish cloth
26. Eye patch
27. Blindfold
28. Restraint
29. to Tie Things in Place
30. Napkin
31. Hot or Cold Compress
32. Food Cover
33. Coffee Filter
34. Trail Marker
35. Fire Tinder (through shredding or by picking the lint off)
So I suggest that you get yourself a bandana as, you can see that it can do loads more than just covering your head.
The Will to Survive - The Mental Challenge
Will: The mental faculty by which one deliberately chooses or decides upon a course of action.
The single most important survival skill is the will to survive. If you find yourself in a survival situation, you must make up your mind that you are going to survive! Attitude and determination are your allies, doubt is your enemy!
According to the US Army Field Manual, the two greatest dangers to survival are the desire for comfort, and a passive outlook.
Desire for comfort: You must change the way you think of comfort. Compare your current situation with a far worst situation, and realize that your current discomfort is only temporary. Knowing how much discomfort you can handle, and understanding your need for comfort can help you through your survival situation. Remember, comfort is not essential to your survival!!!
A Passive Outlook: (Passive: Accepting one's fate without objection or resistance.) We all have the basic will to survive, but the overwhelming stress caused by our situation can lead to a passive outlook. The best way to ovoid a passive outlook is to understand the physical and mental stress that can cause it.
Cold weather slows down your blood flow, and reduces your ability to think clearly. The cold can also make you sleepy, week, and reduce your will to survive. Hypothermia can set in, even in warm climates if you get cold by being wet. If you are cold, immediately find shelter, and start a fire!!! Heat:
Heat can also weaken your will to survive. Hot temperatures can lead to heat exhaustion and even heat stroke. Try not to exert yourself during the hottest part of the day. Protect yourself from direct sunlight. If you are not accustomed to the higher temperatures take extra caution. Your body will start getting accustomed to the higher temperatures after a few days.
Once you start getting thirsty it can weaken your ability to think clearly. Dehydration is one of the most common problems associated with extreme survival situations. Dehydration can weaken, and kill! Lack of water affects your body’s ability to keep warm, and cool. Drink plenty of water when it is available and ovoid eating too much food when water is not available.
Hunger can affect your will to survive, and morale. The hardest thing for most people is overcoming the Yuk Factor. When it comes to survival you may have to eat things that you normally would consider disgusting to even look at.
Physical Pain and Fatigue:
Pain: is your body’s way of telling you that something is wrong. The sensation of pain itself is not harmful, but it can seam unbearable. The best way to deal with pain is:
Know its source (treat the cause if possible).
Understand that it must be tolerated.
Concentrate on surviving (keep mentally & physical busy).
Think tuff, and take pride in your ability to take the pain.
Physical Fatigue: can be caused by over exertion, and can often be relieved by resting. You should ovoid repetitive activities that can lead to soreness, and strained muscles.
Mental Fatigue
The best way to overcome mental fatigue is to get rest, change your activities, mild exercise, have a conversation, play a game, and use your imagination (fantasizing).
Boredom & Loneliness
Boredom is usually experienced in long term survival situations, were loneliness and repetitive activities are keeping the human mind from being challenged. The best method for dealing with boredom is to keep busy, and remember that even your smallest activity is playing a part in your overall survival goal.
Loneliness can often leave you with a feeling of despair; it can make you want to just give up and die. In order to deal with loneliness you must first accept your current situation, and understand that by keeping busy and focusing on your goal you can survive.
Rely on your skills, and on your ability to get through your situation and ultimately reach your goal of survival. Talk with God!
Fear is our body’s way of avoiding dangerous situations that can cause use physical and mental harm. As long as the fear is founded on tangible facts, it can be very useful. Fear can keep our actions in check, and it can trigger our natural “fight or flight” response. Fear that is unfounded in facts can impair our ability to make rational decisions, and it can jeopardize our ability to survive.
Worry is a type of fear that can be based on facts, but is usually something that has not, and may not ever happen. Don’t be fearful of the unknown; don’t worry about that which you cannot control. Instead keep your mind on the task at hand; Survival!!!
When you find yourself in a survival situation always remember to S.T.O.P.
The US Army uses the acronym S.U.R.V.I.V.A.L. to help soldiers’ remember how to survive.
Size up the situation.
Undue haste makes waste.
Remember were you are.
Vanquish fear and panic.
Value living.
Act like the natives.
Live by your wits.
Be Prepared
Being prepared ahead of time will give you confidence and the skills you need to survive. Always assess your situation, and prioritize your current survival needs (water, shelter, fire, food, first aid, and signals [order changes depending on your current survival needs).
Finding Food
As humans we can survive for weeks without food, but the lack of food can sap your strength, and affect your will to survive, having no food can also make you ill and even bring on hypothermia as well.
I thought that I would take a look at the basics of finding food from hunting and foraging to preparing and eating what you have caught or foraged.
Insects & Snails
Insects are one of the best survival foods available; they are easy to find & catch, and are high in protein and fat. In a life or death survival situation you need to get over the yuk-factor and do what it takes to survive.
Slugs, snails, grubs, earthworms, mealworms, ants, termites, locust, grasshoppers, and crickets are some examples of creatures that can be eaten. Insects can usually be eaten raw (grasshoppers, locus, and crickets should be cooked to kill parasites), but will taste better if fried, roasted, or boiled.
You can find insects inside of rotted logs, and under tree limbs. There are always insects to be found around water, and under leaves, and don’t forget
If you don’t know what you’re eating, don’t eat it! Watching what animals eat proves nothing; some animals can ingest toxins that are harmful to humans. Choosing plants for food is beyond this basic survival guide, for an advanced plant gathering guide check out our “Advanced Gathering” survival guide.
Don’t eat mushrooms unless you are 100% sure that it is safe!!! Mushrooms can kill the untrained.
Water Wildlife
Fish, are the next easiest to catch food source. Turtles, frogs, snakes, newts, salamanders, lizards, molluscs, crustaceans, shrimp, and ells are some of the available food that can be found near fresh & salt water, and in fresh water, fish crayfish, and even fresh water mussels.
The best times to fish is before dawn, and after dusk.
Use bait (small fish, worms, etc.), or create a lure out of a shiny piece of metal to attract fish.
You can make fish hooks out of natural or man-made materials
You can make fishing line from plant or cloth fibres. Some materials that work well for fishing line are the inner bark of trees, hemp, nettle, milkweed, yucca, and reeds.
Gather the fibres together and tie one end together.
Tie the strands onto something solid (tree branch, etc.).
Separate into two separate strands.
Twist each strand clockwise.
Wrap the strands together in a counter clockwise motion.
Tie the lose end together.
You can also set out trot lines, and check them every hour.
You can also make a fishing spear out of many man-made & natural materials.
You can make a fish net for catching smaller fish, or pulling large fish to shore.
You can also make several handy types of traps for catching fish.
You can even poison fish by dumping a lot of lime into the water. Heat coral, or shells till brittle, and beat into a powder to create lime (or use lime stone). And don’t forget the Ultimate Emergency Survival Fishing Kit from
I will only mention a few types of traps here
Noosing Wand
A noosing wand can be used for catching a variety of animals including lizards and nesting birds.
Squirrel Pole
Ground Snares
Dead Falls
Survival - Dead Fall Trap
Preparing Food
Here are some of my recommended methods for cooking various foods.
Fry, boil, or eat raw (grasshoppers, locus, and crickets should be cooked to kill parasites).
Skin, cook, and eat the whole body.
Skin, gut, and eat.
Cut of the head, gut, skin, cook, and eat.
Skin, gut, cook, and eat. Small lizards can be skewed and cooked whole; meat is done once skin bubbles and cracks.
Pluck feathers, gut, cook, and eat.
Skin, gut, cook, and eat.
Tip: You can skew small animals, and burn off the hair; this will help to kill parities, ticks, and fleas that may carry diseases.
Gut, remove scales, and cook. (You can fillet the fish, but cook and eat all of the remains.).
One of the fastest ways to cook something is by skewing it, and cooking over open flames. You can boil many foods to remove unsavoury flavours, and to retain many of their vitamins and minerals.
Depending on where you are in the world if you don’t have a pot available for boiling, you can use natural and man-made materials.
Sea Shell
Rock Method for Boiling
For non-fireproof pots, you can heat rocks and place in your water. Keep replacing cooled rocks with hot rocks until your food has been adequately boiled.
Warning: Porous rocks, water logged river rocks, and concrete may explode when heated.
Further Companies to Support
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EDC steel tools
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Alum Crystal and natural spa products
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BackHawk Web duty Belt
Guppie Multi=tool
Go Survival Pack
Beautiful Handmade Catapults
1 Person BASIC Backpack Survival Kit, the back pack that does it all
DD Hammock –The ultimate in Travel Hammocks
Elzetta ZFL-M60 Tactical Weapon-Grade LED Torch
Ultimate Adventurer Survival Kit everything in one kit
Adjustable Knife Lanyard Review
Handmade knives by James D. Sanders
Mini alarm Device with an Ultra bright White LED
Lightload towels
The LUCI light
Fire Dragon Gel
TBS Boar Folding Pocket Knife
Live Fire Emergency Fire Starter
THE ultimate Emergency Survival Fishing Kit
How to Prep Cost-Effectively
Recent TV shows, show TEOTWAWKI events and suggest that to survive we must buy hundreds of pounds of prepping supplies, tools and equipment. If you are like most of us and do not have hundreds of pounds spare to spend on prepping etc. then like me you should look at cheaper but not inferior options.
Plan when shopping to buy an extra tin of beans. Then simply place the extra tin in with your other preps. Then as I say “be a mate of rotate” and rotate the food as you need it. This way in say, six months you will have built up quite a stock pile.
A good option is the pound shop. Now don’t laugh, as until I looked around one I probably would not have thought of it either. My local has great prices on first aid kit also sells food.
Items like plasters, pain killers, antiseptic wipes and even vitamins are of course very cheap. In fact beat this 4 Bic lighters for 79p (a life time’s survival fire lighting I would say).
You can also buy vitamins, paper, hygienic items, water, drinks, disinfectants, tools etc. etc.
So if you are on a tight budget and want really good value food, toiletries, cleaning products, snacks and loads more I suggest that you check out
Approved Food & Drink is the biggest online seller of clearance food and drink and they deliver to your door across the UK.
So you are on a budget so what shop around and you can still prep.
4 Reasons to Add a Pellet Air Gun to Your Survival Gun Arsenal
You heard me correctly, I said Pellet Gun. Yes, the kind powered by air I have a good quality Pellet Air Gun and it’s not just because I still have it from when I was a kid.
I INTENTIONALLY have added this gun to my survival kit for very specific reasons…which I have detailed below.  If you’ve never considered a Pellet Gun as a survival rifle option, you might change your mind after reading this post.
As a student and instructor of survival living, I take my gun choices very seriously I recommend a “Break Barrel” rifle as it will never run out of air.
Below are 4 reasons (in no particular order) why a Pellet Gun deserves to be including in your Survival Rifle selection:
A pellet gun is an excellent Small Game Hunter especially .22 calibre, is a great weapon to take down small game.  While people have taken larger game such as wild boars with air guns, they are best suited for small game.  Hunting small game is perfect for any survivalist.  Rabbit, squirrel, dove, quail, duck and the like are excellent food sources and are readily available in most of the country. 
With practice, hunting small game with a pellet gun is absolutely no problem.
I have taken many small game animals with my .22 cal pellet gun.  It requires better stalking skills, but that is a good skill to learn anyway.  It requires better shooting skills, but that is also a good skill to practice.  Hunting with a pellet gun will force you to be a “Better” hunter and it will also put dinner on the table.
Secondly the Pellet Gun’s ammo is one of the more convincing reasons to have one on hand.  Pellets, no matter the calibre, are very cheap.
You can buy 100s of pellets for just a few pounds.  Spend £30 and you’ve got enough to last a lifetime of small game hunting.  If all hell breaks loose, traditional ammunition will become increasingly difficult to get your hands on. 
Not to mention that it will be ridiculously expensive.  If the world we live in ever gets this way, why waste your traditional ammo on hunting squirrel or other small game?  That would be wasteful and careless if there was a smarter way.  There is – pellets.
1000’s of Pellets Fit into Small Spaces
Not only are pellets “Dirt Cheap”, they are very small.  You can carry 1000s and not even know they are there.  You can store 10s of 1000s in just 1 shoe box.  To top it off, pellets have a shelf life of pretty much forever!  Traditional ammunition can go bad over time.  Especially with the talks of giving ammunition an expiration date, stocking a few 1000 pellets isn’t a bad idea.
Thirdly an air weapon is a silent shooter so forget the earplugs.  These guns are silent.  In many survival scenarios, a silent weapon is a good thing.  Not only can you hunt without drawing attention to yourself or your family, but shooting a silent weapon often means you can get off more than 1 shot if there are multiple targets.  Both of these are positive.  People pay 1000’s of £££’s to make their guns silent.  No extra charge for the pellet gun.
Lastly they are powered by air and you don’t have to buy air.  And, it’s never going to be out of stock.  For this reason, I prefer either a MULTI-PUMP or BREAK-BARREL Pellet Air Gun.  I will in future sell my CO2 powered air gun, and buy a break barrel.  Needing to refill canisters or tanks doesn’t make any sense in a survival situation.  You want to keep it as old fashioned as possible.  It’s hand pump all the way for this survivalist.
There are tons of options when it comes to Hand Pump or Break Barrel guns.  They both come in .177 and .22 calibres.  The fps varies depending on the gun. 
So there you have it, 4 solid reasons why you should keep a Pellet Gun in your survival arsenal.
Fire Starting with Cotton Wool and Vaseline
One day you could find yourself in a situation where you need to make fire and quickly.  Think about it, you could be caught in heavy rain on an open hillside or you have tripped and twisted your ankle
You’re soaking wet, there’s a strong wind blowing and you need to get that fire going before get hyper thermic.
Because any of the above or worse can happen I always carry a small zip lock bag full of cotton wool which has been rubbed with a little Vaseline. This makes a perfect fire starter. It will catch extremely easily from a spark and will burn quite long enough to ignite your kindling.
You don’t need loads of Vaseline. Take a piece of cotton wool about the size of a golf ball. Then simply rub a little Vaseline into it with your fingertips. Make as many of these as you wish to carry and store them in a plastic bag, or just buy readymade cotton wool balls in the first place.
I use a zip lock bag (the type you can get in any supermarket), they can be resealed easily once you have opened them and taken out what you want.
You don’t need a huge lump of this cotton wool to start a fire as the Vaseline allows it to burn for quite a while, possibly 2 to 3 minutes.
Break off a piece about the size of a large grape and tease the fibres apart. This will spread the cotton wool ball out into quite a large circumference. Then simply strike a spark onto it or light it with a match or lighter, Make sure you’ve got your kindling ready though eh!
Another way to carry your cotton wool and Vaseline mix and keep it totally dry is to buy some plastic drinks straws and fill them with the mix. Firstly by using a multi-tool or a pair of plier’s heat one end with a lighter then crimp the end together forming a water proof seal.
It is really easy to do, I use a chop stick but any thin piece of wood will act as a plunger fill the straw with the mix, once full simply repeat the process of sealing the other end as before.
To start a fire using these filled straws either cut the straw in half and tease out cotton wool from each open half and then ignite.
My tip here is to cut the straw into equal parts, say four parts per straw and seal all ends, this way the straw will last longer and light even more fires.
One other great method of fire lighting in the wilderness that you can plan for is lint tinder.
Take the lint out of your clothes dryer and place it into the 6 compartments of a ½ dozen cardboard egg box and then drip melted candle wax over each compartment individually.
When set all you have to do is break off a compartment to use in starting your fire it should burn for around 4 minutes plus.
By simply closing the lid on the egg box you keep everything dry and also provide more tinder to use in the box lid.
Wild Garlic
Duncan in Falkirk wants to know when wild garlic is ready. Duncan you should Schedule your harvest effort for between early spring and mid-summer, adjusting the schedule for local climate. If you are in the North set out to harvest the garlic later in the season, as the garlic will mature later.
Identify the wild garlic plants. They have long, green, hollow blade-like leaves that bear some resemblance to chives. When wild garlic is in bloom, the plant's leaves are topped by white flowers.
Kneel or squat in front of the patch of wild garlic and cut the individual leaves from the plant as close to the ground as possible. If the wild garlic has blossomed, keep the flowers as well as the green leaves and blades.
Place the wild garlic in a collecting bag or basket. Once you have taken the wild garlic home, store it in a cool, dark place until you are ready to use it.
You will be able to identify it easily by the smell but you must wash all collected leaves and plants properly before using.

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